ʿABD-AL-RĀFEʿ HERAVĪ, ŻĪĀ-AL-DĪN B. ABU’L-FATḤ, poet, grammarian, and physician, first attached to the court of Ḵosrow Malek (555-82/1160-76), the last Ghaznavid sultan. After the Ghurids seized power, he served them, and they respected him for his skill. The major portion of his poetry apparently has been lost. ʿAwfī (Lobāb [Tehran], p. 474) quotes seventy-five lines of his poetry, among which is a qaṣīda in praise of Ḡīāṯ-al-dīn Moḥammad b. Salm Ḡūrī (558-99/1163-1202). ʿAwfī also attributes to him a commentary on the Nowrūzīya, known as the Jalālīya, which he says was dedicated to Ḵosrow Malek.


Haft eqlīm II, p. 144.

Dehḵodā, s.v. “ʿAbd-al-Rāfeʿ” and “Ḡūrīān.” Nafīsī, Naẓm o naṯr I, p. 38.

Ṣafā, Adabīyāt I, p. 715.

ʿAbbās Eqbāl, Tārīḵ-e mofaṣṣal-e Īrān, Tehran, 1346 Š./1967, pp. 287, 295-98.

(Żīā-al-dīn Sajjādī)

Originally Published: December 15, 1982

Last Updated: July 14, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 2, p. 140

Cite this entry:

Żīā-al-dīn Sajjādī, “'Abd-Al-Rafe' Heravi,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/2, p. 140; an updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abd-al-rafe-heravi-12th-century-poet-grammarian-and-physician (accessed on 16 January 2014).