ERŠĀD, title of two Persian newspapers and a magazine.
1. A Persian supplement (Waraqa-ye fārsī) to the Turkish newspaper Eršād (Baku). It was also sold separately. Thirteen issues of the Persian supplement were published between 16 Ḏu’l-qaʿda 1323 and 27 Ṣafar 1324/12 January and 22 April 1906. The publication carried news and articles dealing with progressive social themes and was edited by the well-known journalist and poet Adīb-al-Mamālek Moḥammad-Ṣādeq Farāhānī (q.v.).
The format was two four-column pages, 43 x 58 cm, typeset; it carried no illustrations or advertisements, was priced 3 rubles in Baku, 4 rubles elsewhere in Russia, and 5 rubles abroad. Copies are accessible at Tehran University Library, Majles Library I, and Cambridge University Library.
2. The title under which the Tehran daily Polīs-e Īrān was published from about 1333/1913 to 1336/1917. The publisher was Mortażāqolī Khan Moʾayyed-al-Mamālek (Fekrī) and the editor was Jawād Tabrīzī.
3. A monthly magazine of politics, society, and religion published in Tehran in 1962-64.
Bibliography (for cited works not given in detail, see “Short References”):
Āryanpūr, Az Ṣabā tā Nīmā, p. 349.
M. Barzīn, Šenās-nāma-ye maṭbūʿāt-e Īrān az 1215 tā 1357-e šamsī, Tehran, 1371 Š./1992, p. 39.
A. Benningsen and C. Lemercier-Quelquejay, La presse et le mouvement national chez les Musulmans de Russie avant 1920, Paris, 1964, p. 108.
L. Bouvat, “La presse Musulmane,” RMM 1, 1907, p. 123.
Browne, Press and Poetry, no. 41.
Ṣadr Hāšemī, Jarāʾed o majallāt, nos. 88-89.
M. Soltānī, Fehrest-e rūz-nāmahā-ye farsī dar Ketāb-ḵāna-ye markazī-e Dānešgāh-e Tehrān, Tehran, 1354 Š./1975, no. 31.
Originally Published: December 15, 1998
Last Updated: January 19, 2012
This article is available in print.
Vol. VIII, Fasc. 5, p. 560