BŪRĀN, (Middle Pers. Bōrān) also called Ḵadīja (192-271/807-84), wife of al-Maʾmūn and daughter of Ḥasan b. Sahl, was probably so named after the Sasanian queen Bōrān (r. 29-30). At the age of ten she was betrothed to al-Maʾmūn, but the wedding took place at her father’s residence in Fam al-Ṣelḥ near Wāseṭ when she was almost eighteen (Ramażān, 210/December, 825-January, 826). The occasion was so pompously celebrated that it became proverbial and won the name of “The Invitation of Islam,” Daʿwat al-Eslām (cf. Ṯaʿālebī, Ṯemār al-qolūb, Cairo, 1965, pp. 165). She is also remembered for asking the caliph to pardon his uncle Ebrāhīm b. Mahdī and to allow Zobayda to go on pilgrimage. Nothing else is known about her as a queen (210-18/825-33) or during her long life after the death of al-Maʾmūn (218/833). She died (Rabīʿ I, 271/Septemher, 884) in the former palace of Jaʿfar Barmakī on the Tigris (al-Qaṣr al-Ḥasanī), which she had received from her father. She is credited with the creation of the popular dish būrānī (see Naḵjavānī, p. 145).
N. Abbott, Two Queens of Baghdad, Chicago, 1974, pp. 231-35.
Abu’l-Fażl Aḥmad b. Abī Ṭāher Ṭayfūr, Taʾrīḵ Baḡdād, Cairo, 1949, pp. 113-16.
Ebn at-Aṯīr, VI, pp. 395-96.
Ebn Badrūn, Šarḥ qaṣīdat Ebn ʿAbdūn, Cairo, pp. 265-71.
EI2 I, pp. 1312. Ebn Ḵallekān, Wafayāt, ed. Abbas, p. 287.
Ebn Taḡrīberdī, III, p. 65.
Hendūšāh Naḵjavānī, Tajāreb al-salaf, facs. ed. A. S. Ḥ. Rawẓātī, Tehran, 1361 Š./1982, fols. 163-65 = pp. 143-45.
Kaḥḥāla, Aʿlām al-nesāʾ, 3rd ed., Damascus, 1977, I, p. 159.
Masʿūdī, Morūj, ed. Pellat, IV, p. 327.
Mojmal, ed. Bahār, pp. 354-55.
W. Muir, The Caliphate. Its Rise, Decline, and Fall, London, 1898, pp. 503, 504, 506-07.
Aḥmad b. ʿOmar Neẓāmī ʿArūżī Samarqandī, Čahār maqāla, ed. M. Qazvīnī, rev. M. Moʿīn, 3rd ed., Tehran, 1333 Š./1954, text, pp. 32-36.
Soyūṭī, Nozhat al-jolasāʾ, Beirut, 1958, p. 30. Ṭabarī, III, pp. 1081-85.
Yāqūt, Boldān I, pp. 807-08; III, pp. 917.
Originally Published: December 15, 1989
Last Updated: December 15, 1989
This article is available in print.
Vol. IV, Fasc. 5, pp. 553-554