i. Pre-Median: history and method of research.

ii. Median and Achaemenid.

iii. Parthian.

iv. Sasanian.

v. Pre-Islamic Central Asia.

vi. Islamic Iran.

vii. Islamic Central Asia.

viii. Republic of Azerbaijan.

For Afghanistan, see Afghanistan viii. Archeology.


(Multiple Authors)

Originally Published: December 15, 1986

Last Updated: August 11, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. II, Fasc. 3, pp. 281-326