ĒRĪČ MOUNTAIN, mentioned in a chapter of the Bundahišn devoted to mountains (TD2, p. 76, l. 15; p. 78, ll. 11-12). The passage includes references to Hamadān and Ḵᵛārazm, and says that Ērič az kōf Apursēn rust ēstēd “has grown from Mount Hapōrsēn” (Bundahišn, tr. Anklesaria, p. 95, chap. 9.15). The name seems equivalent to the Pahlavi form of the Avestan hero *Airyaēca (Christensen, p. 23; Boyce, Zoroastrianism I, p. 104), son of Thraētaona. The Pahlavi name may possibly be related to Av. Ǝrəziša (AirWb. 354), included in a series of names of mountains (Yt. 19.2), which corresponds in part to the one in the Bundahišn.



A. Christensen, Études sur le zoroastrisme de le Perse antique, Copenhagen, 1928.

E. W. West, Pahlavi Texts, Pt. 1, SBE V, 1880, p. 37, n. 4.

Fr. Windischmann, Zoroastrische Studien, Berlin, 1863, p. 7.

(Gherardo Gnoli)

Originally Published: December 15, 1998

Last Updated: January 19, 2012

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Vol. VIII, Fasc. 5, p. 558