AFIFI, RAḤIM (b. Shiraz ?/ d. Teheran 1375 Š./ 1996), scholar and author. He completed his primary education in Mašhad and his higher education in Tehran. He graduated from the University of Tehran with a doctorate in literature in 1338Š. / 1959 and joined the University of Mašhad as an associate professor specializing in Pahlavi in 1341Š. /1962. He retired from his academic teaching post soon after the Revolution of 1979 and spent the rest of his life in Tehran. He is the author of lexical guides and handbooks of mythology and edited Ardā Wirāz-nāmag (see ARDĀ WĪRĀZ), the important lexicographical work, Farhang-e Jahāngiri, one of the most authoritative dictionaries of the Persian language, composed in India at the beginning of 11th/17th century, and the verse epic Bahman-nāma.
Texts edited by Raḥim ʿAfifi: Ardāviṟāf-nāma yā behešt o duzaḵ dar āʾin-e mazdayasnā, with commentary and glossary, Tehran 1342 Š./1963.
Zartošt-e Bahrām Pažuh, Ardāviṟāf-nāma -ye manẓum (Versified version of Ardāviṟāf-nāma), Tehran, 1343 Š./1964.
Mir Jāmal-al-Din Ḥosayn Anju Širāzi, Farhang-e Jahāngiri,3 vols., by Mir Jamāl-al-Din Ḥosayn b. Faḵr-al-Din Ḥasan Enju Širāzi, Mašhad, 1351 Š./1972–1354 Š./1975.
Irānšāh b. Abi’l-Ḵayr, Bahman-nāma, Tehran, 1370 Š. /1991.
Works authored: Maṯalha o ḥekmatha dar āṯār-e šāʿerān-e qarn-e sevvom tā yāzdahom-e hejri,Tehran, 1371 Š./1992.
Farhangnāma-ye šeʿri bar asās-e āṯār-e šāʿerān-e qarn-e sevvom tā yāzdahom-e hejri, 3 vols., Tehran, 1371-2 Š./1992-3. Asāṭir va farhang-e Iran dar neveštahā-ye Pahlavi, Tehran, 1374Š. /1995
Originally Published: July 20, 2002
Last Updated: July 28, 2011
Jalal Matini, “AFIFI, RAḤIM,” Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition, 1982, available at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/afifi