ḪUDIMIRI, a peripheral district and city of the same name in Elam, mentioned in the Assyrian sources only during the reign of Ashurbanapal. In 649 B.C.E., one Nabubelshumate, left his native sealand in the south of Babylonia and took refuge in the city of Ḫudimiri in Elam (R. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters, London and Chicago, 1892-1914, No. 521). From another letter it is known that the Assyrians had to build a fleet to cross the Persian Gulf to pursue him (ibid., No. 795). This supports the location of Ḫudimiri somewhere near the point where the Ulai (the modern Šāur) was flowing at that time into the Persian Gulf (J. Schawe, “Das Land Ḫu(Pak)-di(ki)-mi-ri,” AfO 8, 1932, pp. 52-53).
In 641 B.C.E. Piz(s)lumê, the king of Ḫudimiri, sent presents to Ashurbanipal on the occasion of his victory over Elam (A. K. Grayson, “The Chronology of the Reign of Ashurbanipal,” ZA 70/2, 1980, pp. 232, 235; E. F. Weidner, “Die älteste Nachricht über das persische Köningshaus, Kyros I, ein Zeitgenosse Aššurbânaplis,” AfO 7, 1931, p. 4, l. 14). Another passage of the same inscription tells about presents sent to Nineveh by Kuraš (see CYRUS i.), the king of Parsumaš (Weidner, p. 4, l. 7). Sometimes this is taken as evidence for the proximity of Ḫudimiri and Parsumaš (Persis) (I. M. D’yakonov [Diakonoff], Istoriya Midii (History of Media), Moscow and Leningrad, 1956, pp. 198, n. 3, 294, n. 1). However, this is not evident (Weidner, p. 6; G. G. Cameron, History of Early Iran, Chicago, 1936, pp. 179 f.; E.A. Grantovskiĭ, Rannyaya istoriya iranskikh plemyon Peredneĭ Azii (The early history of the Iranian tribes in the Near East), Moscow, 1970, p. 222).
Bibliography: given in the text.
Originally Published: December 15, 2004
Last Updated: March 23, 2012
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Vol. XII, Fasc. 5, pp. 553-554