EPHESUS, SEVEN SLEEPERS OF, Christian legend attested by texts in many languages. A page of the manuscript C2 (preserved in the Turfan collection of the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Orientabteilung, and most recently edited by Sims-Williams, pp. 154-57) was identified by Martin Schwartz as belonging to a Sogdian version of the legend.

The Sogdian derives from a Syriac text (Allgeier), which tells how eight young Christians of Ephesus—rather than seven, as in most other versions—fell asleep and were walled up in the cave where they had hidden in order to escape the persecution of Decius (249-51 C.E.). Many years later, during the reign of the Christian emperor Theodosius II (408-50 C.E.), when the church is troubled by heresy, the youths return to life to confirm the doctrine of the resurrection of the body.

The legend is clearly alluded to in the Koran as Aṣḥāb al-kahf (18:8-26), where the number of the sleepers (3, 5, or 7; including their dog, 4, 6, or 8) is left open. Many Muslim writers, both in Arabic and in Persian (e.g., Saʾdī, Rūmī), show familiarity with the story, sometimes in its koranic and sometimes in its Christian form (Huber, pp. 18-36, 330-39).


A. Allgeier, “Die älteste Gestalt der Siebenschläferlegende,” Oriens Christianus, N.S. 6, 1916, pp. 1-43; 7-8, 1918, pp. 33-87.

M. Huber, Die Wanderlegende von den Siebenschläfern, Leipzig, 1910.

M. Schwartz, “Studies in the Texts of the Sogdian Christians,” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1967, pp. 23-41.

N. Sims-Williams, The Christian Sogdian Manuscript C2 (Berliner Turfantexte XII), Berlin, 1985.

(Nicholas Sims-Williams)

Originally Published: December 15, 1998

Last Updated: December 15, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. VII, Fasc. 5, p. 474

Cite this entry:

Nicholas Sims-Williams, “EPHESUS, SEVEN SLEEPERS OF,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/2, pp. 96-99, available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ephesus (accessed on 30 December 2012).