ii. In the Pre-Achaemenid period.
iii. In the Achaemenid period.
v. From the Arab conquest to the end of the Il-khanids
vii. From the Safavids through the Zands.
x. Under the Islamic Republic.
Originally Published: December 15, 1997
Last Updated: December 8, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. VIII, Fasc. 1, pp. 88-112 and Vol. VIII, Fasc. 2, pp. 113-173