DṚNABĀJIŠ, name of the fifth month (July-August) of the Old Persian calendar, equivalent to Akkadian Ābu and Elamite Zillatam (several attestations in the Persepolis tablets only; see Hinz and Koch, pp. 1164, 1299-1300, 1305; cf. CALENDARS i). It is one of three month names that are not attested in the original Old Persian form; it can be reconstructed only from the Elamite rendering Tur-na-ba-(iz-)-zí(-iš), Tu-ur-na-, Tar-na- (and some minor variants). In some instances the variant Tur/Tar-na-ba-(iz-)zí-ya-iš, reflecting *Dṛnabājya-, occurs (cf. the Elamite doublet Bakeyatiyaš/Bakeyatiš,reflecting OPers. *Bāgayādya-/Bāgayādiš, with corri-genda; see Hinz, p. 66). The various renderings lead to reconstruction of an original form *Dṛna-bāji- or the like, the etymological interpretation of which is not fully established, though the second element is surely Old Persian bāji- “tribute, duty, tax”; Walther Hinz (p. 66: bāži-) understands the form as “(month of) the harvest tax.”
W. Hinz, Neue Wege im Altpersischen, Wiesbaden, 1973.
Idem and H. Koch, Elamisches Wörterbuch, 2 parts, Berlin, 1987, pp. 292, 369-70, 387.
Originally Published: December 15, 1995
Last Updated: December 1, 2011
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Vol. VII, Fasc. 5, p. 554