DĀNEŠMAND BAHĀDOR, Mongol com­mander (d. 706/1306). He is possibly to be identified with the Dānešmand Bahādor who headed a band of Qarāʾonās (Qarāvona) in an attack on the Jovayn region in the summer of 689/1290 (Rašīd-al-Dīn, Jāmeʿ al-tawārīḵ, Baku, p. 267; idem, Tārīḵ-eḡāzānī, p. 23). Subsequently he was in the service of Nowrūz, a general in the army of the il-khan Ḡāzān Khan (694­-703/1295-1304). Deserting Nowrūz during Ḡāzān’s campaign to overthrow him in 696/1297, he was placed in command of the il-khan’s vanguard by the general Qotloḡšāh and successfully repulsed Nowrūz near Jām, despite the small size of his own force (Rašīd-al-­Dīn, Jāmeʿ al-tawārīḵ, Baku, p. 319; idem, Tārīḵ-eḡāzānī, p. 112; Heravī, p. 422). On the accession of Öljeitü (Ūljāytū) in 703/1304 he was among the com­manders in Khorasan who were subordinated to the nominal viceroy, Öljeitü’s son Besṭām (Tārīḵ-eWaṣṣāf, p. 466). In 706/1306 he was detailed by Öljeitü to move to Herat with 10,000 horse and bring to court the recalcitrant malek Faḵr-al-Dīn (see āl-e kart) and the band of Negüderis (Nekūdarīān) under his control and to have the ḵoṭba (Friday sermon) at Herat read in Öljeitü’s name. Dānešmand Bahādor was able to enter the city, but the citadel held out under Jamāl-al-Dīn Moḥammad Sām(ī), whom Faḵr-al-Dīn had left in charge. During the period of his negotiations with Jamāl-al-Dīn in August-September 1306, Dānešmand Bahādor was treacherously cut down while on a visit to the citadel, which he had undertaken in defiance of warnings from his supporters. Two of his sons and his entire escort were also killed (Heravī, pp. 461-97; Ḥāfeẓ-e Abrū, pp. 77-90).

Dānešmand Bahādor’s son Böjei (Būjāy) subse­quently avenged his father by reducing Herat after a five-month siege, in June 1307 (Heravī, pp. 534-43; Ḥāfeẓ-e Abrū, pp. 92-95). He served Öljeitü in Khorasan and in 713/1314 was killed in battle with the invading Chaghatayid forces (Qāšānī, p. 210; Heravī, pp. 628-34, with the incorrect date 715; Ḥāfeẓ-­e Abrū, pp. 109-10). Böjei’s son Mobārakšāh in turn was active in Khorasan and took part in the rebellion of the Chaghatayid prince Yasaʾur (Yasāvor) against the il-khan Abū Saʿīd (717-36/1317-35; q.v.) in 719-20/1319-20.



J. A. Boyle, “Dynastic and Political History of the Īl-Khāns,” in Camb. Hist. Iran V, pp. 303-421, esp. pp. 383, 401.

Ḥāfeẓ-e Abrū, Ḏayl-e Jāmeʿ al-tawārīḵ-e rašīdī, ed. Ḵ. Bayānī, Tehran, 1350 Š./1971.

Sayf b. Moḥammad Heravī, Tārīḵ-­nāma-ye Herāt, ed. M. L. Ṣeddīqī, Calcutta, 1943; repr. Tehran, 1352 Š./1973.

Abu’l-Qāsem ʿAbd-­Allāh b. Moḥammad Qāšānī, Tārīḵ-eŪljāytū, ed. M. Hambly, Tehran, 1348 Š./1969.

Spuler, Mongolen4, pp. 93-94, 97.

(Peter Jackson)

Originally Published: December 15, 1993

Last Updated: November 14, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. VI, Fasc. 6, pp. 655-656