BAŠŠĀR-e MARḠAZĪ (possibly Bešgar; see Bahār, I, p. 378 n. 1), a Persian poet of the 4th/10th century, apparently from Marv in Khorasan. No in­formation about his career has come down. Reżāqolī Khan Hedāyat (Majmaʿ al-foṣaḥāʾ I, p. 440) mistook him for the famous Arabic poet of Iranian extraction Baššār b. Bord (put to death in 167/783). All of Baššār’s poetry is lost except for a qaṣīda of thirty-one verses in praise of wine. The poem, recorded in part by Hedāyat (loc. cit.), was first published in its complete form by Rašīd Yāsamī, who had found it in a manuscript. It is thoroughly Samanid in tone and style, and its influence can be discerned in a well-known mosammaṭ (ḵīzīd o ḵaz ārīḍ . . . ) by Manūčherī Dāmḡānī (d. 432/1040).



Ṣafā, Ganj-e soḵan I, 7th ed., Tehran, 1363 Š./1984, pp. 76-78.

Idem, Adabīyāt I, 2nd ed., Tehran, 1335 Š./1956, pp. 351-52.

Nafīsī, Naẓm o naṯr, p.24.

M.-T. Bahār, Sabk-šenāsī I, Tehran, 1337 Š./1958.

M. Moṣaffā, Pāsdārān-e soḵan I, Tehran, n.d., pp. 70-74.

Rašīd Yāsamī, “Qaṣīda-ye Baššār-e Marḡazī,” Īrānšahr 2, 1302 Š./1923, pp. 599-605.

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(Z. Safa)

Originally Published: December 15, 1988

Last Updated: December 15, 1988

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Vol. III, Fasc. 8, p. 856