AZDĪ, MOḤAMMAD B. RAWWĀD, a notable of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 3rd/9th century, known mainly in connection with the revolt of Bābak, the leader of the Ḵorrami movement.

According to the Fehrest, Bābak was in Ebn al-Rawwād’s service in Tabrīz for two years between the ages of sixteen and eighteen. Probably a variant of this, cited by Ṭabarī, says that Bābak’s mother was a servant of Ebn al-Rawwād. Ṭabarī also refers to Wajnāʾ b. Rawwād, probably Moḥammad’s brother, and to the rostāq of Dāḵarraqān, i.e., Dehḵᵛāraqān (see ĀẔARŠAHR) to the east of Lake Urmia, as “the belād of Moḥammad b. al-Rawwād.” Yaʿqūbī mentions Ebn al-Rawwād as one of the Azerbaijani notables who helped the caliph’s forces against Bābak in 206/821-22.



Fehrest, p. 343.

Ṭabarī, III, pp. 1172, 1232, 1380.

Yaʿqūbī, II, p. 564.

G. H. Sadighi, Les movements religieux iraniens au IIe et IIIe siècle de l’hégire, Paris, 1983, pp. 239, 241-42, 247.

E. M. Wright, “Bābak of Badhdh and al-Afshīn during the Years A.D. 816-841; Symbols of Iranian Persistence against Islamic Penetration in North Iran,” Muslim World 38, 1948, p. 46.

S. Nafīsī, Bābak-e Ḵorram-dīn, Tehran, 1348 Š./1969, pp. 9, 57, 88, 145.

Search terms:

 ازدی، محمد azodi,mohammad  azody,mohammad azoudi,mohammad


(G. R. Hawting)

Originally Published: December 15, 1987

Last Updated: August 18, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. III, Fasc. 2, p. 205