ZĀYANDARUD, weekly newspaper published in Isfahan by ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Moʿin-al-Eslām Ḵᵛānsāri from 1 RabiʿI 1327 to 22 Ḏu’l-ḥejja 1333 (23 March 1909 to 31 October 1915). Moʿin-al-Eslām, a cleric and an active supporter of the Constitutional Revolution, became Isfahan’s district attorney and held other judicial positions after the establishment of the constitutional government and the defeat of the Moḥammad-ʿAli Shah’s coup d’état of 1908. He later chose Zāyandarud as his family name. From the fourth year, Moḥammad-Ṣādeq Adib Ḵorāsāni, the future publisher of the paper Ṣobḥ-e omid in Isfahan, was introduced as director in charge, since Moʿin-al-Eslām’s judicial position caused a conflict of interest.
Zāyandarud was a political publication that supported the Democrat Party after its establishment and advocated democracy. The paper was banned in April 1910, and the publisher was jailed for a brief period due to a complaint filed by the governor of Isfahan. It was banned again in the autumn of the following year, because it had welcomed the arrival of Ḥaydar Khan ʿAmu-Oḡli, the well-known revolutionary (Eṣfahān 5,no. 57, 4 Ḏu’l-ḥejja 1329/25 November 1911).
Zāyandarud was lithographed for about eighteen months at Farhang printing house, in eight double-column pages of 35 x 21 cm, and then at Ḥabl-al-Matin printers. In the last three years of publication, its format changed to four-column pages of 31 x 45 cm. The last page was devoted to caricatures illustrating current events. The subscription rate for the first two years was 16 krans in Isfahan, which was later increased to 30 krans.
Incomplete sets of Zāyandarud are kept at the Central Library of the University of Tehran, Moʾssassa-ye moṭālaʿāt-e tāriḵ-e moʿāṣer-e Irān, Ebn Meskuya Public Library in Isfahan, the Public Library of Tabriz, the Library Republic of Azarbaijan’s Academy of Science in Baku, Cambridge University Library, and Princeton University Library.
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Kāva Bayāt and Masʿud Kuhestāni-nažād, eds., Asnād-e maṭbuʿāt, 1286-1320 H. Š., 2 vols., Tehran, 1993, II, p. 578.
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Idem, “Presse persanne,” RMM 15, 1911, p. 154.
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Ṣadr Hāšemi, Jarāʾed o majallāt III, pp. 1-4.
Ursula Sims-Williams, Union Catalogue of Persian Serials and Newspapers in British Libraries, London, 1985, no. 638.
Giti Šokri, “Fehrest-e ruz-nāmahā wa majallahā-ye fārsi dar Moʾassasa-ye āsiāʾi-e Dānešgāh-e Širāz,” FIZ 27, 1987, p. 374.
Mortażā Solṭāni, Fehrest-e ruz-nāmahā-yefārsi dar majmuʿa-ye Ketāb-ḵāna-ye markazi wa markaz-e asnād-e Dānešgāh-e Tehrān... 1267 qamari tā 1320 šamsi, Tehran, 1975, no. 193.
Originally Published: August 15, 2006
Last Updated: August 15, 2006