IRĀN-E JAVĀN, a weekly paper published in Tehran from 5 Esfand 1305 to 28 Bahman 1306 Š. (25 February 1926-17 February 1927) as the organ of an association with the same name (Anjomān-e Irān-e javān). In the first issue, Ḥasan Nafisi (Mošarref-al-Dawla) and Moḥammad Tonokāboni were named as its publisher and managing director, respectively.
Reza Shah’s decision to found the political party of Irān-e Now (New Iran) to be led by ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Teymurtāš, the powerful minister of the court (wazir-e darbār), turned the association into an informal cultural gathering and stopped the publication of its organ. After the fall of Reza Shah, the association became once again politically active for a short period, and ʿAbd-al-Ḥamid Aʿẓami Zangana resumed the publication of its organ with Loṭf-ʿAli Ṣuratgar as chief editor. The paper, however, did not gain any credibility as a political voice and closed down within a year.
Irān-e javān was printed in its first phase at Rošnāʾi printing house in 12 four-column pages of 35 x 52 cm and carried illustrations and caricatures. It reported on the proceedings of the Majles and had sections dealing with a variety of social and scientific topics. It also carried some commercials on the last two pages of the paper. A distinctive feature of the paper was the section called “Nāmahā-ye bānovān” (Ladies’ correspondences), strongly advocating the liberation of women and the abandonment of the veil. Most of these letters carried the signature of an imaginary French woman resident of Persia to a friend in Paris (Āryanpur, p. 11). Annual subscription rate was 5 tomans for Persia and one dollar for other countries; a single issue sold for 12 šāhis. Sets of the two publication phases are kept at the Majles Library, Moʾassasa-ye tāriḵ-e moʿāṣer-e Irān, the public library of Rašt (Ketāb-ḵāna-ye melli-e Rašt), and ʿAllāma Ṭabāṭabāʾi Library in Shiraz.
Yaḥyā Āryanpur, Az Nimā tā ruzgār-e mā, Tehran, 1995.
Masʿud Barzin, Šenās-nāma-ye maṭbuʿāt-e Irān az 1215 tā 1275 Š., Tehran, 1992, p. 69.
Kāva Bayāt and Masʿud Kuhestāni-nažād, eds., Asnād-e maṭbuʿāt, 1286-1320 H. Š., 2 vols., Tehran, 1993, I, pp. 246-47.
Moḥsen Rustāʾi and Ḡolām-Reżā Salāmi, eds., Asnād-e maṭbuʿāt-e Irān 1320-1332 Š., 4 vols., Tehran, 1995-98, II, p. 213.
Ṣadr Hāšemi, Jarāʾed o majallāt I, pp. 334-36.
ʿAli-Akbar Siāsi, “Dibāča,” in Majmuʿa-ye soḵanrānihā-ye Kānun-e farhangi-e Irān, 2 vols., Tehran, 1968-69,
I, p. yd. Giti Šokri, “Fehrest-e ruz-nāmahā wa majallahā-ye fārsi dar Moʾassasa-ye āsiāʾi-e Dānešgāh-e Širāz,” FIZ 27, 1987, p. 342.
Mortażā Solṭāni, Fehrest-e ruz-nāmahā-ye fārsi dar majmuʿa-ye Ketāb-ḵāna-ye markazi wa markaz-e asnād-e Dānešgāh-e Tehrāŋ1267 qamari tā 1320 šamsi, Tehran, 1977, no. 61.
Originally Published: December 15, 2006
Last Updated: March 30, 2012
This article is available in print.
Vol. XIII, Fasc. 5, pp. 494-495