Table of Contents

  • ZABĀN-E ZANĀN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    a newspaper and a magazine published in Isfahan and Tehran, respectively, by Ṣeddiqa Dawlatābādi (1883-1961), a pioneer advocate of women’s rights in Iran (18 July, 1919 to 1 January, 1921, a total of 57 issues).

  • ZĀDSPRAM

    Philippe Gignoux

    a 9th-century Zoroastrian scholar and author. He was one of the four sons of Gušn-Jam (or Juwānjam, according to Boyce and Cereti).

  • ZĀDUYA

    Touraj Daryaee

    a Persian noble in the 7th century CE who was instrumental in the crowning of Farroḵzād Ḵosrow as Sasanian king.

  • ẒAHIR-AL-DAWLA, EBRĀHIM KHAN

    Mehrnoush Soroush

    (d. Tehran, 1240/1824), military leader and governor of Kermān under Fatḥ-ʿAli Shah Qajar.

  • ZĀL

    A. Shapur Shahbazi and Simone Cristoforetti

    legendary prince of Sistān, father of Rostam, and a leading figure in Iranian traditional history. His story is given in the Šāh-nāma.

  • ZAMYĀD YAŠT

    Pallan Ichaporia

    Yašt 19, the last in sequence of the great pieces of the Yašt hymn collection of the Younger Avesta.

  • ZAND DYNASTY

    John Perry

    a dynasty that ruled in Persia (excluding Khorasan) from Shiraz, from the time when Nāder Shah’s (r. 1736-47) successors, the Afsharids, failed to recover western Persia until the founding of the Qajar dynasty by Āḡā Moḥammad Khan Qajar (r. 1779-97).

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  • ZĀR

    Maria Sabaye Moghaddam

    harmful wind (bād) associated with spirit possession beliefs in southern coastal regions of Iran. People believe in the existence of winds that can be either vicious or peaceful, believer (Muslim) or non-believer (infidel).

  • ZARANGIANA

    Cross-Reference

    territory around Lake Hāmun and the Helmand river in modern Sistān. See DRANGIANA.

  • ZARATHUSTRA

    Cross-Reference

    the name generally known in the West for the prophet of ancient Iran, whose transformation of his inherited religion inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Iran up until the triumph of Islam. See ZOROASTER.