Table of Contents

  • YAGHNOBI

    Roland Bielmeier

    term for a people and their language, derived from the name of the Yaghnob valley and the Yaghnob river in Tajikistan.

  • YĀḤAQQI, Ḥosayn

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi

    (1903-1968) renowned composer and performer of the violin and the kamānča (spiked fiddle) and instructor of music.

  • YAHYA TEPE

    Cross-Reference

    archeological site in the Soḡun valley, Kerman province, ca. 220 km south of Kerman and 130 km north of the Straits of Hormuz. See TEPE YAHYA.

  • YAḴČĀL

    Hemming Jørgensen

    Iranian ice-houses were facilities for the storage of solid ice, ensuring that ice was available for local distribution during the summer; they were not used for refrigerating foodstuff.  In its simplest form, the yaḵčāl was a storage pit dug in the ground, and covered with straw, rush, and earth for protection and insulation against sunshine and heat. 

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  • YAʿQUB b. LAYṮ b. MOʿADDAL

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (r. 247-65/861-79), founder of what may be distinguished as the Laythids, or the “first line” within the Saffarid dynasty.

  • YARKAND

    Pavel Lurje

    a town in Chinese Turkestan, at the southwestern end of the Tarim Basin (38°27' N, 77°16' E; alt. 1,190 m).

  • YĀSĀ

    P. Jackson

    A term used of individual edicts issued by Čengiz Khan and his successors and sometimes of the entire body of such edicts.

  • YASNA

    William W. Malandra

    the name for the central ritual in Zoroastrianism and for the long liturgical text recited during the daily performance of the ritual.

  • YAŠTS

    Almut Hintze

    the group of 21 Avestan hymns in praise of various deities of the Zoroastrian pantheon.

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  • YAZD iv. THE JEWISH DIALECT OF YAZD

    Thamar E. Gindin

     The name “Judeo-Yazdi” is applied to a Central dialect spoken by some Jews of Yazd. The Jewish community of Yazd is one of the oldest in Persia. Although it had never been large, it was divided into two neighborhoods, referred to as ma:le (NPers. maḥalla).

  • YAZDEGERD I

    A. Shapur Shahbazi

    Sasanian King of kings (r. 399-420) called “the Sinner.” Sasanian-based sources judge Yazdegerd as a tyrant.

  • YAZDEGERD II

    Touraj Daryaee

    Sasanian king, whose reign is marked by wars with Byzantium in the west and the Hephthalites in the east.  He stayed in the east for some years fighting the nomadic tribes and is known for imposing Zoroastrianism in Armenia.

  • YAZICI, Tahsin

    Osman G. Özgüdenlı

    (1922-2002), Turkish scholar of Persian language, literature, and culture. During fifty-five years of scholarship, Yazıcı wrote, translated, and edited many books and articles. His translations from Persian into Turkish include Aflāki’s Manāqeb al-ʿārefin, the Persian version of Abu’l-Qāsem Qošayri’s Resāla, and the Aḥwāl-e Mawlānā of Faridun b. Aḥmad Sepahsālār.

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  • YAZIDIS i. GENERAL

    Christine Allison

    The Yazidis are  a heterodox Kurdish religious minority living predominantly in northern Iraq, Syria, and southeast Turkey, with well-established communities in the Caucasus and a growing European diaspora.

  • YAZIDIS ii. INITIATION IN YAZIDISM

    Philip G. Kreyenbroek

    Three different rites can mark the initiation of a Yazidi child as a member of the community.

  • YEKI BUD, YEKI NABUD

    EIr

    the first collection of modern Persian short stories, and, arguably the foremost work by the eminent fiction writer Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh (1892-1997).

  • YIMA

    Cross-Reference

    Avestan name of Jamšid, a mythical king of Iran. See JAMŠID.

  • YUSOF

    Cross-Reference

    son of the biblical patriarch Jacob. The story of Joseph has always been a source of attractive subject matters for the exegetists of the Qurʾān, poets, miniaturists, and popular tales. See JOSEPH.

  • YUSOF O ZOLAYḴĀ

    Cross-Reference

    A love story with religious overtones, the romance of Yusof and Zolayḵā has always been among the very favorite themes of Persian poets who, with direct or oblique references to its various episodes, created a desired imagery, expanded on a particular point in the poem, conveyed a poetic meassage or reinforced it. See JOSEPH i. IN PERSIAN LITERATURE.

  • YUSOFI, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

    Farhad Atai

    prominent scholar of Persian literature and history, literary critic, and outstanding university professor.

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