Table of Contents

  • YAGHNOBI

    Roland Bielmeier

    term for a people and their language, derived from the name of the Yaghnob valley and the Yaghnob river in Tajikistan.

  • YĀḤAQQI, Ḥosayn

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi

    (1903-1968) renowned composer and performer of the violin and the kamānča (spiked fiddle) and instructor of music.

  • YAHYA TEPE

    Cross-Reference

    archeological site in the Soḡun valley, Kerman province, ca. 220 km south of Kerman and 130 km north of the Straits of Hormuz. See TEPE YAHYA.

  • YAḴČĀL

    Hemming Jørgensen

    Iranian ice-houses were facilities for the storage of solid ice, ensuring that ice was available for local distribution during the summer; they were not used for refrigerating foodstuff.  In its simplest form, the yaḵčāl was a storage pit dug in the ground, and covered with straw, rush, and earth for protection and insulation against sunshine and heat. 

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  • YAʿQUB b. LAYṮ b. MOʿADDAL

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (r. 247-65/861-79), founder of what may be distinguished as the Laythids, or the “first line” within the Saffarid dynasty.

  • YARKAND

    Pavel Lurje

    a town in Chinese Turkestan, at the southwestern end of the Tarim Basin (38°27' N, 77°16' E; alt. 1,190 m).

  • YĀSĀ

    P. Jackson

    A term used of individual edicts issued by Čengiz Khan and his successors and sometimes of the entire body of such edicts.

  • YASNA

    William W. Malandra

    the name for the central ritual in Zoroastrianism and for the long liturgical text recited during the daily performance of the ritual.

  • YAZD iv. THE JEWISH DIALECT OF YAZD

    Thamar E. Gindin

     The name “Judeo-Yazdi” is applied to a Central dialect spoken by some Jews of Yazd. The Jewish community of Yazd is one of the oldest in Persia. Although it had never been large, it was divided into two neighborhoods, referred to as ma:le (NPers. maḥalla).

  • YAZDEGERD I

    A. Shapur Shahbazi

    Sasanian King of kings (r. 399-420) called “the Sinner.” Sasanian-based sources judge Yazdegerd as a tyrant.