Table of Contents

  • XENOPHON

    Christopher J. Tuplin

    (ca. 430-353 BCE), Greek historian and essayist from Athens, who served among the Greek mercenaries of Cyrus the Younger.

  • XERXES

    Multiple Authors

    name of two Achaemenid rulers and of some later princes.

  • XERXES i. The Name

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    the common Greek (Xérxēs) and Latin form (Xerxes, Xerses) of the Achaemenid throne-name which in Old Persian is spelled x-š-y-a-r-š-a. 

  • XIONGNU

    Étienne de la Vaissière

    (Hsiung-nu), the great nomadic empire to the north of China in the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE, which extended to Iranian-speaking Central Asia and perhaps gave rise to the Huns of the Central Asian Iranian sources.

  • XWĒŠKĀRĪH Ī RĒDAGĀN

    Mahnaz Moazami

    (The duty of children), a Pahlavi manual for Zoroastrian children regarding correct behavior.

  • X~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    There are no figures or plates in letter X entries at this time.