Table of Contents

  • TĀRIḴ-E SISTĀN

    C. E. Bosworth

    an anonymous local history in Persian of the eastern Iranian region of Sistān, the region that straddles the modern Iran-Afghanistan border. It forms a notable example of the flourishing genre of local histories in the pre-modern Iranian lands.

  • ṬARZI, MAḤMUD

    May Schinasi

    (1865-1933), writer, journalist, politician, and a prominent figure in Afghanistan in the first quarter of the 20th century. Tarzi was hailed as the "father of journalism" and oversaw the bi-monthly Serāj al-aḵbār, for which he wrote most of the articles, and was a translator of Turkish, an essayist, and a poet.

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  • TAVADIA, JEHANGIR C.

    Firoze M. Kotwal and Jamsheed K. Choksy

    Parsi scholar of ancient Iranian languages and Zoroastrianism.

  • TAVALLALI, Fereydun

    Kāmyār ʿĀbedi

    (1919-1985), noted poet and writer. His literary career paralleled the dominant social, political, and literary trends of the middle decades of 20th century Iran.

  • TAʿZIA

    Peter Chelkowski

    a term used for the Shiʿite passion play performed in Persia. It is the sole form of serious drama to have developed in the world of Islam, with the exception of contemporary theater, which was introduced to Islamic countries in the mid-19th century.

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  • TEA

    Cross-Reference

    See ČĀY.

  • TEHRAN i. A PERSIAN CITY AT THE FOOT OF THE ALBORZ.

    Xavier de Planhol

    At the northern borders of Iran’s arid central plateau, the southern foothills of the Alborz chain, which have the advantage of major precipitations, are particularly suitable for human settlements.

  • TEHRĀNI, Ḥosayn

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi

    (1911-1973) well-known master performer of the tonbak.

  • TEKIŠ B. IL ARSLĀN

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    , ʿAlāʾ-al-Donyā wa’l-Din Abu’l-Moẓaffar (r. 1172-1200), a ruler of the branch of Khwarazmshahs who descended from the Great Saljuq slave commander (ḡolām) Anuštigin Ḡarčāʾi.

  • TELEGRAPH i. FIRST TELEGRAPH LINES IN PERSIA

    Soli Shahvar

    The initiator of introducing the electric telegraph in Persia was Mirzā Malkom Khan. In 1858 he carried out two successful telegraphic experiments for Nāṣer-al-Din Shah.