Table of Contents

  • TAʿLIM O TARBIAT

    Nassereddin Parvin

    monthly periodical published by the Ministry of Culture (April 1925-March 1927, April 1934-July 1938). 

  • TALMUD ii. RABBINIC LITERATURE and MIDDLE PERSIAN TEXTS

    Yaakov Elman

    Jews and Persians had coexisted in Mesopotamia, mostly peaceably, for some 700 years by the time that the first generation of prominent Babylonian talmudic rabbis was born in the third quarter of the 2nd century.

  • TALMUD, PERSIAN ELEMENTS IN

    Jacob Neusner

    Persian influence on Judaism through the Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) is by no means negligible. The Bavli is full of Iranian words and motifs.

  • TAMIŠA WALL

    Hamid Omrani Rekavandi and Eberhard W. Sauer

    an at least 11-km-long Sasanian wall west of present-day Sarkālata village in Gorgān, crossing the coastal corridor at the southeast corner of the Caspian Sea.

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  • TANG-E SARVAK

    Ernie Haerinck

    (Gorge of the cypresses), an archeological site in eastern Ḵuzestān province, southwestern Iran. It is located in a gorge in the mountainous area approx. 50 km north of Behbahān. At an altitude of ca. 1200 m, it is only reached after a long climb.

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  • TANNING, RUBBER, AND FOOTWEAR INDUSTRIES

    Willem Floor

    Tanning was an economic activity traditionally practiced all over Iran, not only in the large towns, but also (for local consumption) in small towns and large villages, and it was practiced on a small scale by the nomads.

  • TAQIYA

    Multiple Authors

    dissimulation; the practice, commonly regarded as distinctively Shiʿite, of hiding beliefs or rituals in times of imminent harm to one.

  • TAQIYA i. In Shiʿism

    Louis Medoff

    The foundations of taqiya can be traced back to certain Qurʾanic verses, perhaps the most explicit of which is Qurʾan 3:28. Taqiya holds an exceptional degree of legitimacy in Shiʿism owing to the abundant Hadith in its praise from the Imams. In Shiʿite exegesis there are several taqiya related intepretations of Qurʾanic verses.

  • TAQIYA ii. AMONG BABIS AND BAHAIS

    Kamran Ekbal

    Dissimulation of the faith was widespread among Babis and Bahais until the early years of the ministry of Shoghi Effendi (1921-57), when he, in a number of messages starting in 1927, prohibited its practice.

  • TĀRIḴ-E QOM

    Andreas Drechsler

    (The History of Qom), an early local history (comp. 378/988) from medieval Persia by Ḥasan b. Moḥammad Qomi, which has been preserved in an early 9th/15th-century Persian translation.