Table of Contents

  • ṬABAQĀT-E NĀṢERI

    C. E. Bosworth

    an extensive general history composed in Persian by  b. Serāj-al-Din Jowzjāni, who for the first part of his career lived in Ḡur under the Ghurid sultans and latterly in Muslim India under the Moʿezzi or Šamsi Delhi sultans.

  • ṬABARI, ABU JAʿFAR MOḤAMMAD B. JARIR

    Elton L. Daniel

    one of the most eminent Iranian scholars of the early Abbasid era, author of a celebrated commentary on the Qorʾān as well as the most important of the classical Arabic historical texts still extant.

  • TABRIZ x. MONUMENTS x(1). The Blue Mosque

    Sandra Aube

    (Pers. Masjed-e kabud), also known as Masjed-e moẓaffariya, built during the rule of the Qarā Qoyunlu dynasty (1351-1469) and completed in 1465. The extant tilework documents artistic connections with contemporary architecture in Timurid Khorasan and in the Ottoman Empire.

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  • TABRIZ v. The city in the 19th century

    James D. Clark

    TTabriz surpassed Isfahan in population early in the nineteenth century to become the most populous city in Iran. The city was centrally situated relative to the three neighboring regions with which most of its trade was conducted and to which people from the province traveled: the Caucasus, eastern Anatolia, and central Iran. 

  • TADAYYON, Sayyed Moḥammad Birjandi

    Hormoz Davarpanah

    (b. Birjand, 1881; d. United States, December 1951), early 20th-century educationist and politician.

  • TAḎKERA-YE NAṢRĀBĀDI

    Mahmoud Fotoohi

    a compilation of short biographical notices on some one thousand poets of the Safavid period.

  • TAḎKERAT al-AWLIĀʾ

    Mohammad Esteʿlami

    (Saints’ Lives), a hagiographic account of the sayings and miraculous deeds (karāmāts) of eminent sufis and other religious figures from the early Islamic centuries.

  • TAḎKERAT al-MOLUK

    M. Ismail Marcinkowski

    (Memorial for kings), Persian manual from the transitional period between the collapse of the Safavid empire at the end of the reign of Shah Solṭān Ḥosayn (r. 1694-1722) and the early Afghan period in Persia.

  • TAFAŻŻOLI, AḤMAD

    Philippe Gignoux

    On his way back to Iran, Tafazzoli stayed for a few months in Paris, where he conducted research and made acquaintance with Father Jean de Menasce, a noted scholar in Iranian studies, whom he later assisted in his translation of the third book of Dēnkard.

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  • TAFT

    EIr, based on an article submitted by Ali Modarres

    town and district in Yazd province.

  • TAHERIDS

    Elton L. Daniel

    (Pers. Āl-e Ṭāher), name of a prominent family of the early Abbasid period and more particularly a line of governors of Khorasan (821-73) from that family. any of the Taherids, governors, and lesser officials, in Khorasan and in Iraq, were celebrated patrons of the arts, and adab literature is filled with anecdotes about their largesse and their appreciation of wit, wisdom, and bon mots.

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  • ṬAHMĀSP I

    Colin P. Mitchell

    (1524-1576), second ruler of the Safavid dynasty. His 52-year reign was the longest of all Safavid rulers.

  • TĀJ AL-SALĀṬIN

    M. Ismail Marcinkowski

    a book in the genre of Mirror for Princes written in Malay by Boḵāri Jawhari (fl. early 17th cent.).

  • TĀJ-al-SALṬANA

    Afsaneh Najmabadi

    (1884-1936), one of the best known daughters of the Qajar king Nāṣer-al-Din Shah (r. 1848-96), due to her memoirs (Ḵāterāt), written in 1914, which were first partially published in 1969 and whose authenticity has been disputed.

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  • TAJADDOD

    Nassereddin Parvin

    (Modernity), a newspaper published as the official organ of the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, of which a total of 202 issues appeared in Tabriz.

  • TAJIK

    Multiple Authors

    i. The Ethnonym: Origins and Application. ii. Tajik Persian. iii. Colloquial Tajiki in Comparison with Persian of Iran.

  • TAJIK i. THE ETHNONYM: ORIGINS AND APPLICATION

    John Perry

    The Tajiks are an Iranian people, speaking a variety of Persian, concentrated in the Oxus Basin, the Farḡāna valley (Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan) and on both banks of the upper Oxus.

  • TAJIK ii. TAJIK PERSIAN

    John Perry

    Tajiki Persian is the variety of New Persian used in Central Asia. From the 1920s it was officially fostered in the USSR as the national literary language of the Tajik SSR (since 1991, the Republic of Tajikistan). It is also spoken in parts of Uzbekistan, notably in the cities of Bukhara and Samarqand.

  • TAJIK iii. COLLOQUIAL TAJIKI IN COMPARISON WITH PERSIAN OF IRAN

    Bahriddin Aliev and Aya Okawa

    Fārsi of Iran (here called “Farsi” for short), Tajiki, and Dari are distinct branches of the Persian language, and within each branch a wide variety of local dialects exist.

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  • TAJIKISTAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

    Habib Borjian

    Tajikistan’s leading research institution for coordinating and conducting theoretical and applied research projects.