Table of Contents

  • SALJUQS vi. ART AND ARCHITECTURE

    Lorenz Korn

    Saljuq rule covered neither all of Persia, the easternmost regions being independently ruled by Ḡaznavids and Ḡorids, nor did it constitute a unified state, able to enforce strict and direct control over towns and lands. Several principalities survived or originated under the suzerainty of the Saljuq sultans, while wide rural areas were left to nomadic control.

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  • SAMĀʿI, Ḥabib

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi and EIr

    (1905-1946), an outstanding player of the santur (a kind of dulcimer).

  • SAMAK-E ʿAYYĀR

    Marina Gaillard

    a prose narrative originating in the milieu of professional storytellers, transmitted orally and written down around the 12th century.

  • SAMARQAND i. HISTORY AND ARCHEOLOGY

    Frantz Grenet

    Since the publication of the entry Afrāsiāb in 1984 new information has been brought to light on this archeological site and, consequently, on the history of pre-Mongol Samarqand.

  • SAMFONI-e MORDAGĀN

    Houra Yavari

    first novel (1989) by Abbas Maroufi, fiction writer and the founder and editor of the periodical Gardun

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  • SANĀʾI

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    (d. ca. 1130), Persian poet of the later Ghaznavid era, celebrated particularly for his homiletic poetry and his great influence on the development of mystical literature in general.

  • SANAI, MAHMOUD

    Ali Gheissari

    professor of psychology, psychoanalyst, educator, writer, translator, and government official.

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  • SAN‘ATIZADEH KERMANI, Homayun

    Cyrus Alinejad

    (1925-2009), entrepreneur, man of letters, publisher, and founding manager of Moʾassasa-ye entešārāt-e Ferānklin, who played an instrumental role in the introduction of modern publishing industries in Iran.

  • SANCISI-WEERDENBURG, HELEEN

    Amélie Kuhrt

    (1944-2000), Dutch ancient historian, specializing in classical Greek and Achaemenid history.

  • SAND GROUSE

    Eskandar Firouz

    a family (Pteroclididae) of game birds of which seven species are found in Persia, characteristic of Persia’s vast deserts and steppes. They have no affinity with true grouse and are included in the same order as pigeons (Columbiformes).

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