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a prose narrative originating in the milieu of professional storytellers, transmitted orally and written down around the 12th century.
Since the publication of the entry Afrāsiāb in 1984 new information has been brought to light on this archeological site and, consequently, on the history of pre-Mongol Samarqand.
first novel (1989) by Abbas Maroufi, fiction writer and the founder and editor of the periodical Gardun.This Article Has Images/Tables.
J. T. P. de Bruijn
(d. ca. 1130), Persian poet of the later Ghaznavid era, celebrated particularly for his homiletic poetry and his great influence on the development of mystical literature in general.
professor of psychology, psychoanalyst, educator, writer, translator, and government official.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(1925-2009), entrepreneur, man of letters, publisher, and founding manager of Moʾassasa-ye entešārāt-e Ferānklin, who played an instrumental role in the introduction of modern publishing industries in Iran.
(1944-2000), Dutch ancient historian, specializing in classical Greek and Achaemenid history.
a family (Pteroclididae) of game birds of which seven species are found in Persia, characteristic of Persia’s vast deserts and steppes. They have no affinity with true grouse and are included in the same order as pigeons (Columbiformes).This Article Has Images/Tables.
one of the five traditional Ṭāleš khanates (Ḵamsa-ye Ṭavāleš) in western Gilān, between Ṭāleš Dulāb and Māsāl.
Christopher P. Thornton
The Aceramic Neolithic phase spans Levels 2-5 of the Western Tepe. This period is notable for large mud-brick houses with plastered and red-painted floors and well-built fireplaces, some of which appear to have had ritual significance. Amongst these houses there is abundant evidence for lithic tools using both local flint/chert and imported obsidian.This Article Has Images/Tables.