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island west of Athens and site of a major naval battle in 480 BCE between the Greeks and the Persian fleet of Xerxes I. Salamis was the second of five battles of the Greco-Persian War of 480-79.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(in Russian: Zaleman, Karl Germanovitsh; 1849-1916, a leading Iranist scholar of his time, specializing in Middle and early Modern Persian. His tenacity and willingness to publish his results quickly contributed greatly to the advancement of the study of the newly found texts from Central Asia.This Article Has Images/Tables.
dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled much of Anatolia (Rum), ca. 1081-1308.
The term ‘Saljuqid literature’is used here to refer to literary works in Persian produced between 432/1040 and 617/1220.
The Saljuq period can be regarded as an epoch in which Islamic art and architecture in Persia reached maturity, i.e., in which techniques were developed and formal solutions were established that lasted for centuries to come.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi and EIr
(1905-1946), an outstanding player of the santur (a kind of dulcimer).
a prose narrative originating in the milieu of professional storytellers, transmitted orally and written down around the 12th century.
Since the publication of the entry Afrāsiāb in 1984 new information has been brought to light on this archeological site and, consequently, on the history of pre-Mongol Samarqand.
first novel (1989) by Abbas Maroufi, fiction writer and the founder and editor of the periodical Gardun.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(1240-1310-11), Nezāri Ismaʿili imam, the sole surviving son of Rokn-al-Din Ḵoršāh, the last lord of Alamut. The youthful Šams-al-Din was taken to a safe place; thus, escaped the tragic fate of his family, who were all murdered by the Mongols.