Table of Contents

  • ŠAHREWAR

    William W. Malandra

    name of one of the Amahraspandān in Zoroastrianism. This is the Middle Persian form of the name deriving from Av. Xšaθra Vairya, meaning literally “dominion to be chosen” and more freely “choice/desirable/best dominion.”

  • SAIFPOUR FATEMI

    Lotfali Khonji

    journalist, political figure, and university professor.

  • SAIIDO NASAFI, MIROBID

    Keith Hitchins

    (Mir ʿĀbed Sayyedā Nasafi), Tajik poet (d. Bukhara, between 1707 and 1711).

  • ŠAKKI

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    a district of eastern Transcaucasia, now within the northwesternmost part of the present-day Republic of Azerbaijan, where the modern town of Sheki or Shaki.

  • SALAMIS

    Christopher Tuplin

    island west of Athens and site of a major naval battle in 480 BCE between the Greeks and the Persian fleet of Xerxes I. Salamis was the second of five battles of the Greco-Persian War of 480-79.

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  • SALEMANN, Carl Hermann

    D. Durkin-Meisterernst

    (in Russian: Zaleman, Karl Germanovitsh; 1849-1916, a leading Iranist scholar of his time, specializing in Middle and early Modern Persian. His tenacity and willingness to publish his results quickly contributed greatly to the advancement of the study of the newly found texts from Central Asia, thereby ensuring the very progress that would make some parts of his work obsolete.

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  • SALJUQS iii. SALJUQS OF RUM

    Andrew Peacock

    dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled much of Anatolia (Rum), ca. 1081-1308.

  • SALJUQS v. SALJUQID LITERATURE

    Daniela Meneghini

    The term ‘Saljuqid literature’is used here to refer to literary works in Persian produced between 432/1040 and 617/1220.

  • SALJUQS vi. ART AND ARCHITECTURE

    Lorenz Korn

    Saljuq rule covered neither all of Persia, the easternmost regions being independently ruled by Ḡaznavids and Ḡorids, nor did it constitute a unified state, able to enforce strict and direct control over towns and lands. Several principalities survived or originated under the suzerainty of the Saljuq sultans, while wide rural areas were left to nomadic control.

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  • SAMĀʿI, Ḥabib

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi and EIr

    (1905-1946), an outstanding player of the santur (a kind of dulcimer).