Table of Contents


    Nassereddin Parvin

    weekly newspaper published in Isfahan (6 March 1921 to April/May 1944, with lengthy interruptions). 


    Saeed Honarmand

    Sadeqi started writing poetry and prose at a young age and was still in high school when his poems, under the pseudonym “Ṣahbā Meqdāri,” appeared in literary journals of the period. Although well-versed in classical Persian literature and familiar with Persian prosody, he adhered to a free and independent mode of expression.

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  • SAʿDI

    Paul Losensky

    Persian poet and prose writer (b. Shiraz, ca. 1210; d. Shiraz, d. 1291 or 1292), widely recognized as one of the greatest masters of the classical literary tradition.

  • ṢADR

    Willem Floor

    Arabic term used in the Iranian lands mainly to denote an outstanding person (scholar or otherwise); hence it was also applied as a personal title.


    Hengameh Fouladvand

    pioneer modernist painter and educator, notable in the development of Iranian modern art movement.

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    Paul E. Losensky

    (ca. 1592-1676), MIRZĀ M0ḤAMMAD ʿALI, celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period, was born in Tabriz and died in Isfahan.

  • SA'EDI, Gholam-Hosayn

    Faridoun Farrokh and Houra Yavari

    (1936-1985), writer, editor, and dramatist; an influential figure in popularizing the theater as an art form, as well as a medium of political and social expression in contemporary Iran.

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    Nasserddin Parvin

    a newspaper published in Tabriz, 3 October 1910 to 18 December 1911. It was an organ of the Democrat Party (Ḥezb-e demokrāt), with a strong nationalist orientation.


    Rudi Matthee

    Originating from a mystical order at the turn of the 14th century, the Safavids ruled Persia from 1501 to 1722. 


    Rudi Matthee

    Annotated bibliography.