Table of Contents

  • SUYĀB

    Gregory Semenov

    now called Ak-Beshim, the site of an important city on the Silk Road, located 60 km to the east of the city of Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan.

  • SWEDEN

    Multiple Authors

    i. Persian Art Collections, ii. Swedish Officers in Persia, 1911-15, iii. Swedish Archeological Mission to Iran, iv. Iranian Community

  • SWEDEN i. PERSIAN ART COLLECTIONS

    Karin Еdahl

    Persian art collections in Sweden contain items from the prehistoric period (3600 BCE) to the 19th century. The first artifacts of possibly Iranian origin were brought by Vikings (or Rus), who traveled to the shores of the Caspian and there met with merchants from Iran. Notably a 9th-century glass beaker and two bronze jugs, finds from Viking burial sites, bear witness to these contacts.

  • SWEDEN ii. SWEDISH OFFICERS IN PERSIA, 1911-15

    Mohammad Fazlhashemi

    In October 1910, increasing unrest in southern Persia led the British government to demand that the Persian central government restore order. The Persian government decided to create a highway gendarmerie with the aid of European instructors.

  • SWEDEN iii. SWEDISH ARCHEOLOGICAL MISSIONS TO IRAN

    Carl Nylander

    This article provides an overview of Swedish archeological missions to Iran from the beginning of contact between Swedish and Persian culture in the 17th century to present times.

  • SWEDEN iv. Iranian Community

    Hassan Hosseini-Kaladjahi and Melissa Kelly

    1984 was a turning point for the influx of Iranians to Sweden. In that year 1,074 Iranians immigrated to Sweden. From this date the rate of Iranians moving to Sweden increased exponentially, reaching its peak in 1988 with 6,203 immigrants. The number of Iranian citizens in Sweden grew from 7,317 to 32,171.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • SYKES, Ella Constance

    Denis Wright

    (1863-1939), traveler and writer about Iran, sister of Percy M. Sykes.

  • SYKES, Percy Molesworth

    Denis Wright

    , Sir (1867-1945), soldier, diplomat, traveler, and writer who wrote extensively on Iran. 

  • SYNGUÉ SABUR: PIERRE DE PATIENCE

    FARANGUIS HABIBI

    Atiq Rahimi was educated at the Franco-Afghan lycée in Kabul, and received a doctorate in audio-visual sciences from the Sorbonne. He has lived in Paris as a political refugee since 1985. Ḵāk o ḵākestar, his first novel in Persian, was published in Paris in 1996.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • SYRIAC LANGUAGE i. IRANIAN LOANWORDS IN SYRIAC

    Claudia A. Ciancaglini

    Syriac, originally the eastern Aramaic dialect of the city of Edessa, became the most important language spoken and written by Christian communities during the Sasanian era from Egypt and Asia Minor to Syria, Iran, and Mesopotamia.