Table of Contents

  • SYRIAC LANGUAGE

    Multiple Authors

    the slightly archaizing Eastern Aramaic dialect of the city of Edessa that is the most important Aramaic dialect used by Christians. Syriac served as an important contributor to the mainstream of medieval Islamic and Western European civilization.

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  • SYRIAC LANGUAGE i. IRANIAN LOANWORDS IN SYRIAC

    Claudia A. Ciancaglini

    The authors of Syriac literature were frequently bilingual, or trilingual (if we include Greek), and many of them were Persians who wrote in Syriac, either because they were Christian converts, or because they wrote about subjects that had a literary tradition in Syriac, such as medicine. Syriac texts contain a large amount of Iranian loanwords, but it should be borne in mind that they were borrowed at different times and from different dialect areas. 

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  • SYRIAC LANGUAGE ii. SYRIAC WRITINGS ON PRE-ISLAMIC IRAN

    Phillipe Gignoux

    There are numerous chronicles in Syriac but since they use and repeat the same information they contribute little to our knowledge of Iran. We must distinguish between the sources that derive from the western Syrians or Jacobites, and those which originate with the eastern Syrians or Nestorians.

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  • SYRIAC LANGUAGE iii. Syriac Translators as the Medium for Transmission of Greek Ideas to Sasanian Iran

    Philippe Gignoux

    It is said that Syriac scholars were the intermediaries in the transmission of Greek philosophy and medicine to the Iranians. The high point in the history of translation from Greek to Syriac came in the seventh century, during which translations in all domains were revised. There is, however, little evidence for the translation of all this immense literature from Syriac into Middle Persian. For these, fragments of Pahlavi translation are attested.

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  • Sabā, Zard-e Malijeh

    music sample

  • Šāh-nāma

    music sample

  • Shaydā - az ğam-e ‘ešq-e to

    music sample

  • Simorğ

    music sample

  • Song in praise of opium

    music sample

  • S~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    list of all the figure and plate images in the letter S entries.