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M. Ismail Marchinkowski
Along with Sufism, Shiʿite elements too entered Malay-Indonesian Islam, certainly by way of southern India, where it was well represented.
Sasanian title that denoted a high military rank and meant ‘chief of an army, general.’
Boris A. Litvinsky
(Av. aršti- ‘spear,’ OPers. aršti ‘throwing weapon’ or ‘javelin’) is mentioned in the Avesta several times.
(1820 -1905), German orientalist and scholar of Iranian studies.
Werner Ende, Bert Fragner, Dagmar Riedel
(1911-1990), German scholar of East European history and Oriental studies.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Gabrielle van den Berg
Stanzaic verse forms have been part of the corpus of classical Persian poetry from the early stage onwards and have continued to play a role until modern times. Though the quantity of stanzaic poetry in Persian literature is modest in comparison to other verse forms, a few examples of this genre have obtained widespread fame and an iconic value in Persian culture and society.
British travel-writer. Her 1934 book The Valley of the Assassins and Other Persian Travels belongs to the canon of English travel literature.
In 1927, plans were drawn up to establish smelting works in the north of the country to produce rail tracks domestically.
, Sir, Hungarian–British archeologist and explorer (b. Pest, Hungary, 26 November 1862; d. Kabul, 28 October 1943).