Table of Contents

  • ṢABĀ, ABU’l-ḤASAN

    Hormoz Farhat

    Born into an aristocratic and affluent family, Abu’l-Ḥasan had the exceptional good fortune of being raised in an environment fostering love of music and arts.  His father, Abu’l-Qāsem Kamāl-al-Salṭana, a medical doctor, was an amateur musician and poet.  He descended from a long line of court physicians, all of whom were known for their artistic talents.

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  • SABALĀN MOUNTAIN

    Eckart Ehlers

    Kuh-e-Sabalān; 4,740 m), the highest and spatially most extended volcano in northwestern Iran.

  • ṢĀBER

    Hasan Javadi

    , MIRZĀ ʿALI-AKBAR ṬĀHERZĀDA (b. Šamāḵi [Shemakha], 30 May 1862; d. Šamāḵi, 12 July 1911), famous Azerbaijani satirist and poet.

  • SABKŠENĀSI

    Matthew Smith

    the title of a book by Malek al-Šoʿarā Moḥammad Taqi Bahār first published in 1942.

  • ŠĀBUHRAGĀN

    Christiane Reck

    (Šāpurāḵān, Šāburāḵān, Šāburḵān), one of the books written by Mani (216-274/7 CE), founder of the Manichean religion, in which he summarized his teaching systematically.

  • ṢĀBUN

    Cross-Reference

    "soap." See SOAP.

  • SACRED BOOKS OF THE EAST

    Carlo G. Cereti

    general title of a set of 50 volumes published between 1879 and 1910, all translated into English by some of the leading scholars of the time under the supervision of Friederich Max Müller.

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  • SACRIFICE i. IN ZOROASTRIANISM

    William W. Malandra

    At least since the publication of the seminal essay by Henri Hubert and Marcel Mauss much of the discussion has been devoted to a search for what essentially defines sacrifice.

  • SADA FESTIVAL

    Anna Krasnowolska

    the most important Iranian winter festival, celebrated by kindling fires.

  • ṢADĀ-YE EṢFAHĀN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    weekly newspaper published in Isfahan (6 March 1921 to April/May 1944, with lengthy interruptions). 

  • SADEQI, BAHRAM

    Saeed Honarmand

    Sadeqi started writing poetry and prose at a young age and was still in high school when his poems, under the pseudonym “Ṣahbā Meqdāri,” appeared in literary journals of the period. Although well-versed in classical Persian literature and familiar with Persian prosody, he adhered to a free and independent mode of expression.

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  • SAʿDI

    Paul Losensky

    Persian poet and prose writer (b. Shiraz, ca. 1210; d. Shiraz, d. 1291 or 1292), widely recognized as one of the greatest masters of the classical literary tradition.

  • ṢADR

    Willem Floor

    Arabic term used in the Iranian lands mainly to denote an outstanding person (scholar or otherwise); hence it was also applied as a personal title.

  • SADR, BEHJAT

    Hengameh Fouladvand

    pioneer modernist painter and educator, notable in the development of Iranian modern art movement.

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  • ṢĀʾEB TABRIZI

    Paul E. Losensky

    , MIRZĀ M0ḤAMMAD ʿALI (b. Tabriz, ca. 1000/1592; d. Isfahan, 1086-87/1676), celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period.

  • SA'EDI, Gholam-Hosayn

    Faridoun Farrokh and Houra Yavari

    (1936-1985), writer, editor, and dramatist; an influential figure in popularizing the theater as an art form, as well as a medium of political and social expression in contemporary Iran.

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  • ŠAFAQ

    Nasserddin Parvin

    a newspaper published in Tabriz, 3 October 1910 to 18 December 1911. It was an organ of the Democrat Party (Ḥezb-e demokrāt), with a strong nationalist orientation.

  • SAFAVID DYNASTY

    Rudi Matthee

    Originating from a mystical order at the turn of the 14th century, the Safavids ruled Persia from 1501 to 1722. 

  • SAFAVID DYNASTY (cont.)

    Rudi Matthee

    Annotated bibliography.

  • SAFFARIDS

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    a dynasty of medieval Islamic eastern Iran which ruled from 247/861 to 393/1003.  From a base in their home province of Sistān, the first Saffarids built up a vast if transient military empire, at one point invading Iraq and threatening Baghdad.