Table of Contents

  • RUSSIA iii. Russo-Iranian Relations in the Post-Soviet Era (1991-present)

    Clément Therme

    Since the end of the 1980s, Iran and Russia have sought to increase their cooperation in the military, nuclear, oil, and gas sectors. It emerged in the light of Iran’s need to bypass Western restrictions on technology transfers in the nuclear, aviation, and military sectors.

  • RUSSIA iv. TRAVELERS IN PERSIA TO 1917

    Elena Andreeva

    Russian travelers’ reports are a valuable source on the history of Persia and its relationship with Russia.

  • RUSSIA v. RUSSIANS AT THE COURT OF MOḤAMMAD-ʿALI SHAH

    Elena Andreeva

    The presence of Russians at the court of Moḥammad-ʿAli Shah (r. 1907-09) reflected Russia’s efforts to improve her competitive position against the British by strengthening her influence over the Qajar rulers.

  • RUSSIA vi. Persian Art Collections in Russia

    Anatol A. Ivanov

    The collection of Iranian art in Russia is kept in the two major cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg; some small collections and individual pieces that may be preserved in other towns, but no information about them is available.

  • RUZ-NĀMA-YE RASMI-E DAWLAT-E IRĀN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    (Official Journal of the Government of Iran), a paper published in Tehran as the official organ of government since 1911.

  • RUZBEHĀN

    Lâle Uluç

    the proper name used in artist signatures in twelve manuscripts with illumination, which are associated with 16th-century Shiraz workshops.

  • RYE

    Hušang Aʿlam

    (čāvdār), Secale cereale L. (fam. Gramineae). The Persian name is probably of Turkish origin.

  • Raqs: Dozala va Tombak

    music sample

  • Reng-e Čahārgāh

    music sample

  • R~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    list of all the figure and plate images in the letter R entries.