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(Rišār Khan), the Persian name of Jules Richard (1816-1891), a Frenchman in the service of Persian government as a language instructor at Dār al-Fonun College, court photographer, and translator.
Josef van Ess
Ritter's career came to an abrupt end when, in 1925, he was charged with and convicted on grounds of homosexuality, and sentenced to prison for a year. He lost his chair as a consequence and was dismissed from the university at the end of March 1926. Ritter had been working at the time on Nezami’s Haft paykar.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(1794-1884), British scholar of Persian, translator, cotton manufacturer, and educationalist.
A. Shapur Shahbazi
princess of Kabul, wife of Zāl, and mother of Rostam in the Šāh-nāma.
Marcel Bazin and Christian Bromberger
town and district in southwestern Gilān. Rudbār is located on both banks of the Safidrud river at lat 36°51′ N, long 49°25′ E, at an average altitude of 300 m.
city and sub-provincial district (šahrestān) in eastern Gilān.
(1900-1995), master of Persian classical music. He belongs to the first generation of Persian classical musicians who learned musical notation and the second generation to record his music.
I. Russo-Iranian Relations up to the Bolshevik Revolution. II. Iranian-Soviet Relations (1917-1991). III. Travelers in Persia to 1917. IV. Russians at the court of Moḥammad-ʿAli Shah.
The relationship between Iran and Russia extends back more than a millennium. Prior to the 18th century, Iran and Russia treated each other as equal in their sporadic trade and diplomatic contacts. The fragmentation of Iran during the 18th century encouraged Russian aspirations to establish its domination in the Caucasus and the Caspian provinces of Iran.This Article Has Images/Tables.