Table of Contents

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN i. PRE-ISLAMIC NAMES: GENERAL

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    The system of formation of personal names attested in the Iranian languages to a great extent agrees with that known from most of the other Indo-European languages.

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN ii. AVESTAN NAMES

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    In the Avesta at least 400 personal names are attested. The bulk of these names is found in the second part of the Fravardīn Yašt in a litany-like enumeration.

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN iii. ACHAEMENID PERIOD

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    Evidence from the Achaemenid period is considerable, but in authentic sources, the inscriptions of the kings themselves, fewer than fifty names are documented in their Old Persian form.

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN iv. PARTHIAN PERIOD

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    For the Parthian period there is no super-abundance of primary sources written in the official (Middle) Parthian administrative language.

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN v. SASANIAN PERIOD

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    For Sasanian times, priority treatment must be given to the names attested in non-literary, that is, epigraphic sources (in the broadest sense of the word).

  • PERSONAL NAMES, IRANIAN vi. ARMENIAN NAMES OF IRANIAN ORIGIN

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    Linguistic research has documented that the majority of Iranian lexical and other borrowings in Armenian originated in the Parthian language.

  • PERSONAL NAMES, SOGDIAN i. IN CHINESE SOURCES

    Y. Yoshida

    Especially during some hundred years before the An Lushan’s rebellion (755-63 C.E.), when Tang controlled Central Asia, a great many Sogdians were encountered in northern China.

  • PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

    Cyrus Abivardi

    “Pest” refers to any animal or plant causing harm or damage to people or their animals, crops, or possessions, even if it only causes annoyance.

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  • PESYĀN, MOḤAMMAD-TAQI KHAN

    Stephanie Cronin

    (1892-1920), military officer with strong nationalist sentiments who served in the Government Gendarmerie from its inception until he was killed in a skirmish by Kurdish tribal forces.

  • PEUCESTAS

    Ernst Badian

    officer under Alexander the Great on his campaign in Asia.