Table of Contents

  • NĀṢER-AL-MOLK, ABU’L-QĀSEM

    Shaul Bakhash

    (1856-1927), Qajar era courtier and statesman, prime minister during the early constitutional period, and the regent during the minority of Aḥmad Shah.

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  • NASIM-e ŠEMĀL

    Nassereddin Parvin

    (in popular parlance, Nasim-e šomāl; Breeze of the North), one of the best-known and most popular periodicals in the history of Iranian journalism.

  • NAṢR (I) B. AḤMAD (I) B. ESMĀʿIL

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    ruler of the Samanid dynasty in Transoxiana and Khorasan between 301/914 and 331/943.

  • NASU

    Mahnaz Moazami

    the demon of carrion, the greatest polluter of Ahura Mazdā’s world.

  • NATEL-KHANLARI, Parviz

    CROSS-REFERENCE

    See KHANLARI, Parviz.

  • NATIONAL PARKS OF IRAN

    Eskandar Firouz

    including national nature monuments, wildlife refuges, and protected areas.

  • NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY IN IRAN

    Pirooz Ashraf

    a brief history from the outset to the Islamic Revolution of 1978-79.

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  • NAVSARI

    Cross-Reference

    city and district of Gujarat State, adjoining Surat. See PARSI COMMUNITIES i. Early History, ZOROASTRIANISM ii. Historical Review: from the Arab Conquest to Modern Times.

  • NAVY i. Nāder Shah and the Iranian Navy

    Michael Axworthy

    earliest moves toward establishing a navy arose out of the consequences of his military campaigns in the interior of Persia.

  • NAWBAḴTI FAMILY

    Sean W. Anthony

    a notable Shiʿite family of Persian descent, many of whose members, like their eponymous ancestor Nawbaḵt and his son Abu Sahl Fażl, ranked among the local illuminati of Baghdad.

  • NAWʿI

    Sunil Sharma

    MOḤAMMAD-REŻĀ ḴABUŠĀNI (1563-1610),  Persian poet in India, best known for his long maṯnawi, Suz o godāza romance centered on a suttee (sati) heroine.

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  • NAWM-NĀMA

    Orkhan Mir-Kasimov

    the dream journal of Fażl-Allāh Astarābādi (1339-1394), the founder of the Ḥorufi movement.

  • NAXARAR

    N. Garsoian

    term given to the para-feudal, social pattern that early Armenia apparently shared with Parthian Iran, although it was preserved into the Sasanian period and beyond.

  • NĀẒER

    Cross-Reference

    title of the director of the Safavid royal secretariat.  See DAFTAR-ḴĀNA-YE HOMĀYŪN.

  • NAẒIRI NIŠĀPURI

    Paul Losensky

    Indo-Persian poet of the late 16th and early 17th centuries (b. Nishapur, ca. 1560; d. Ahmadabad, between 1612 and 1614).

  • NEDĀY-E ESLĀM

    Nassereddin Parvin

    (The voice of Islam), a pro-constitutional newspaper lithographed and published in Shiraz, 1907.

  • NEGAHBAN, EZAT O.

    Kamyar Abdi

    eminent Iranian archaeologist. Negahban carried out his first series of excavations in 1961 at the site of Mehrānābād about 25 km south of Tehran on the road to Sāveh.

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  • NEHAVAND

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (Nehāvand), a town in western Iran, situated in the northern Zagros region.

  • NÉMETH, Gyula

    András Bodrogligeti

    Nemeth's scholarship was devoted almost entirely to various aspects of Ottoman-Turkish studies.  A few works of his, however, crossed over into Iranian studies and made lasting contributions to this field.  While he was working on a series of Ottoman Manuals for Sammlung Göschen, he paid special attention to the Persian-Arabic elements in the Turkish language. 

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  • NEMRUD DAĞI

    Bruno Jacobs

    The burial mound of Antiochus I is flanked by terraces in the east, north, and west. The settings of the sculptures on the east and west terraces are essentially identical: in each case, a row of five limestone statues (originally up to 8 m in height) overlook the terrace, their backs to the mound.

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