Table of Contents

  • KAKRAK

    Matteo Compareti

    a Buddhist site comprised of a group of caves, in Bāmyān Province, Afghanistan, discovered at the end of the 19th century.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ḴĀKSĀR

    Zahra Taheri

    a strictly popular order of Persian dervishes, favored by artisans and shopkeepers. The name “Ḵāksār” (lit. ‘dust-like’) was probably chosen to figuratively denote a lowly, humble, and modest person.

  • ḴĀKŠI

    Bahram Grami

    a medicinal plant from the mustard family. Two kinds have been identified, the common and the bitter one which is considered weed. The effects are believed to be on heart, voice, throat, and diarrhea.

  • KĀKUYIDS

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    [KAKWAYHIDS], a dynasty of Deylamite origin that ruled in western Persia, Jebāl, and Kurdistan about 1008-51 as independent princes.

  • ḴALAF B. AḤMAD

    C. E. Bosworth

    b. Moḥammad, Abu Aḥmad (d. 1009), Amir in Sistān of the “second line” of Saffarids, who ruled between 963 and 1003.

  • ḴALAJ

    Multiple Authors

    a tribe which originated in Turkistan and settled approximately 250 km to the southwest of Tehran. 

  • ḴALAJ i. TRIBE

    Pierre Oberling

    tribe originating from Turkistan, generally referred to as Turks but possibly Indo-Iranian.

  • ḴALAJ ii. Ḵalaji Language

    Michael Knüppel

    spoken by the Ḵalaj tribe, in the 1960s and 1970s numbering approximately 20,000 people.

  • KALĀNTAR

    Willem Floor

    “chief, leader,” from the late 15th century onwards, particularly the local official (mayor) in charge of the administration of a town.

  • KALĀNTARI, PARVIZ

    Nojan Madinei

    (b. Zanjān, 22 March 1931; d. Tehran, 20 May 2016), painter, graphic designer, writer, and a pioneering illustrator of Iranian children’s books.