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spoken by the inhabitants of Khalaj, located approximately 250 km to the southwest of Tehran.
in Surxondaryo prov., southern Uzbekistan, site of a settlement and palace of the nomad Yuezhi, with paintings and sculptures of the mid-1st century BCE. The Yuezhi, and perhaps other nomad groups, overthrew the Hellenistic Greek dynasty which had ruled there since the mid-3rd century as successor to the post-Achaemenid governments of Alexander and the Seleucids.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(1895-1971), political activist, journalist, translator, poet, and novelist.
the southeasternmost district of Azerbaijan. Its main city and administrative center, Heruābād, is located at lat 37°28′ N, long 48°31′ E.
ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Āḏarang and EIr
prominent scholar of Persian language and literature, poet, essayist, translator, literary critic, university professor, and founding editor of the periodical Soḵan.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(1922-2010), Persian logician and scholar and a permanent member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature (Farhangestān-e zabān va adab-e fārsi). His works range from Manṭeq-e ṣuri (Formal logic, 1959) to translations of Porphyry’s Isagoge and Aristotle’s Categories (2005) and a critical edition of Mollā Ṣadrā’s Iqāẓ-al-nāʾemin (2008).This Article Has Images/Tables.
island in the Persian Gulf, situated at about 30 km northwest of Bandar-e Rig and 52 km northwest of Bušehr.
C. Edmund Bosworth
sect of early Islam which arose out of the conflict between ʿAli b. Abi Ṭāleb (r. 656-61) and Moʿāwiya b. Abi Sufyān (r. 661-80).
The reception of Khayyam’s poetic work in Italy, as in the rest of Europe, was the result of the translation and rewriting of the English poet Edward FitzGerald (d. 1883) in the years 1859-79. In Italy the more scholarly approach to Khayyam’s work by a few dedicated Iranists proceeded at a fitful pace over many decades.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Three mathematical treatises of Omar Khayyam have come down to us: (1) a commentary on Euclid’s Elements; (2) an essay on the division of the quadrant of a circle; (3) a treatise on algebra; he also wrote (4) the treatise on the extraction of the nth root of the numbers, which is not extant.This Article Has Images/Tables.