Table of Contents


    Gen’ichi Tsuge

    a musical term denoting a guša, or a metric section within a guša, based on any dastgāh.


    Alain Cariou

    Because of the Chinese government program for urban development, Uighur neighborhoods are consistently demolished to make way for straight avenues and banal, modern buildings.  Moreover, the Chinese government is promoting the migration of Han Chinese.

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    Multiple Authors

    province of Iran located between Fars and Sistan va Balučestān; also the name of its principal city and capital.

  • KERMAN i. Geography

    Habib Borjian

    Kerman Province is situated in southeast Iran. It is divided into two distinct macroclimates, sardsir (cold) in the upland north and garmsir (warm) in the lowland south, generally speaking.

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  • KERMAN ii. Historical Geography

    Xavier de Planhol and Bernard Hourcade

    The Kerman basin, in which Kerman City is situated, is located at an elevation of about 1,700 m with land sloping very gently from northwest to southeast.  It is entirely surrounded by a series of high massifs.

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  • KERMAN iii. Population of the province, sub-province, and city

    Ḥabib-Allāh Zanjāni and Moḥammad-Ḥosayn Nejātiān

    In 1956, the total population of the province was around 789,000 persons (of whom, 127,624 then belonged to Bandar Abbas), while in the 2011 population and housing census, it had increased to nearly 2,939,000.

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  • KERMAN v. From the Islamic Conquest to the Coming of the Mongols

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    The Armenian geography written in the second half of the 8th century and traditionally attributed to Moses of Khoren places Kerman in the southern quarter of the Sasanian empire.

  • KERMAN vii. In the Safavid Period

    Rudi Matthee

    Kerman is one of the few places in Iran that had long generated local Persian-language chronicles, and the 17th century was no exception. 

  • KERMAN viii. Afsharid and Zand Period

    James M. Gustafson

    Between the fall of the Safavids and the rise of the Qajar dynasty (ca. 1722-94), Kerman maintained a measure of stability and security under local rulers despite the rise and fall of dynastic states across the Iranian plateau.

  • KERMAN ix. Qajar Period

    James M. Gustafson

    Kerman's geographical position on the periphery of the Qajar empire (1795-1925), was at the center of numerous significant developments in this important transitional period in Iran's history.