Table of Contents


    Miklos Sarkozy

    (b. Szúnyog, Hungary, 1 December 1862; d. Áporka, Hungary, 28 December 1920), Hungarian orientalist, polymath, and bibliophile who devoted a major part of his studies to Persian literature.

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    (or Kalārdašt), see KALĀRESTĀQ.


    Mohammad Reza Ghanoonparvar

    a monumental novel of nearly three thousand pages in five volumes consisting of ten books published over the period 1978-84 by Maḥmud Dawlatābādi, the noted Iranian novelist and ardent social realist.


    Sumru Belger Krody

    a kind of flat-woven carpet employed by settled and nomadic families for a host of uses, primarily but not exclusively for covering household items and furnishing the interior of dwellings.

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    Hurivash Ahmadi Dastgerdi and EIr

    a town and fortress in eastern Anatolia that was often involved in the border wars of the early Islamic period.


    Rüdiger Schmitt

    American scholar of Indo-European studies, who specialized also in Old Persian studies. He went to Berlin and Munich universities to continue for two years his classical studies, including (apart from the languages) Greek epigraphy, history, and archeology.


    András Bodrogligeti

    (1909-1989), Hungarian poet and translator of Persian poetry. He was the son of a blacksmith and proud of his origins, claiming that the legacy of his father’s craftsmanship as a skilled artisan.


    Dariush Kargar and EIr.

    title given to a compilation of Persian texts on practical philosophy dated to the 6th/12th century.


    Gen’ichi Tsuge

    a musical term denoting a guša, or a metric section within a guša, based on any dastgāh.


    Alain Cariou

    Because of the Chinese government program for urban development, Uighur neighborhoods are consistently demolished to make way for straight avenues and banal, modern buildings.  Moreover, the Chinese government is promoting the migration of Han Chinese.

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