Table of Contents

  • KADIMI

    Ramiyar P. Karanjia

    a Zoroastrian sect (Ar. qadim “old, ancient”). The movement emerged in 18th-century India.

  • KADḴODĀ

    Willem Floor and EIr.

    principal meaning “headman,” from Middle Persian kadag-xwadāy, lit. “head of a household."

  • KADPHISES, KUJULA

    Osmund Bopearachchi

    (1st cent. CE), first Kuṣān king, founder of the Kuṣāna dynasty in Central Asia and India, as indicated by the legend written in Gāndhāri and Kharoṣṭhī.

  • KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT

    Detlef Haberland

    German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (1651-1716).

  • KAĒTA

    William W. Malandra

    an Avestan word whose approximate meaning is ‘soothsayer.’

  • KAFIR KALA

    Boris Litvinsky

    (Kāfer Qalʿa), ancient settlement and one of the largest archeological monuments of the Vakhsh river valley, on the western outskirts of Kolkhozabad, Tajikistan. The city (šahrestān) together with the citadel form a square, each side 360 m long, oriented approximately to the cardinal points.

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  • ḴAFRI, ŠAMS-AL-DIN

    George Saliba

    , Moḥammad b. Aḥmad-e Kāši, one of the most competent of all the mathematical astronomers and planetary theorists of medieval Islam (d. 956/1550).

  • KAFTARI WARE

    C. A. Petrie

    distinctive ceramic vessels dated to the late 3rd and early 2nd millennia BCE, primarily found in Fārs.

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  • ḴĀGINA

    Etrat Elahi

    a traditional Persian dish; most of the recipes are very similar to those for making a plain omelet.

  • KAHAK

    Farhad Daftary

    Markazi Province, a village located about 35 km northeast of Anjedān and northwest of Maḥallāt in central Iran, with ruins of a fairly large caravanserai.