Table of Contents

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN MIRZĀ

    Abbas Amanat and Farzin Vejdani

    Qajar historian and freethinker (1827-1872). He was the fifty-fifth son of Fatḥ-ʿAli Shah (r. 1797-1834). Besides European influences, the intellectual sources of his freethinking are not entirely known. He associated with Mirzā Malkom Khan (1833-1908) and his secret society, the Farāmuš-ḵāna (‘house of oblivion’), which made strident efforts to recruit members.

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  • JALĀL-AL-DIN MOḤAMMAD BALḴI, MAWLAWI

    cross-reference

    See RUMI. Forthcoming, online.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN TURĀNŠĀH

    cross-reference

    See MOZAFFARIDS.

  • JALĀL-AL-MOLK

    cross-reference

    See IRAJ MIRZĀ.

  • JALĀLĀBĀD

    Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

    a city, a valley, and an administrative unit of fluctuating scope within the Afghan state structure. The city is located in eastern Afghanistan at 1,885 feet above sea level in the north-central portion of an elongated oval valley that stretches approximately 80 miles east to west.

  • JALĀLI

    Pierre Oberling

    a Kurdish tribe of eastern Anatolia and northwestern Persia.

  • JALĀLZĀDA

    Tahsın Yazici

    , MOṢṬAFĀ ÇELEBI, also known as “Koja Nişancı” (Ḵᵛāja Nešānči), Ottoman historian and administrator (b. ca. 1490-94; d. 1567).

  • JALĀYER

    cross-reference

    See KHORASAN i. ETHNIC GROUPS.

  • JALĀYER, ESMĀʿIL KHAN

    Manouchehr Broomand

    a prominent painter of the Qajar era, during the reign of Nāṣer-al-Din Shah (r. 1848-96). He was  noted for his work in the genres of irāni-sāzi (Iranian subjects, relatively unaffected by European influences) and ṭabiʿat-sāzi (fauna and flora in a European naturalistic mode).

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  • JALAYERIDS

    Peter Jackson

    (sometimes called the Ilakāni by Persian historians), a dynasty of Mongol origin which ruled over Iraq, and for several decades also over north-western Persia, from the collapse of the Il-khanate in the late 1330s until the early 15th century.

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