Table of Contents

  • JĀMEʿ al-TAWĀRIḴ ii. Illustrations

    Sheila S. Blair

    Just as the text of Rašid-al-Din Fażl-Allāh’s Jāmeʿ al-tawāriḵ can be regarded as groundbreaking historically, so too the illustrations to it are seminal for the study of art history.

  • JĀMEʿ-E ʿABBĀSI

    Sajjad Rizvi

    a Persian manual on foruʿ al-feqh (positive rules derived from the sources of legal knowledge) in Shiʿism.

  • JĀMEʿA

    cross-reference

    See ZIĀRAT-E JĀMEʿA.

  • JĀMEʿA-YE LISĀNSIAHĀ-YE DĀNEŠ-SARĀ-YE ʿĀLI

    Ahmad Birashk

     the Association of graduates of the Teacher Training College, founded in 1932 by its first two graduating classes.

  • JĀMI

    Multiple Authors

    , ʿABD-AL-RAḤMĀN NUR-AL-DIN b. Neẓām-al-Din Aḥmad-e Dašti, Persian poet, scholar, and Sufi (1414-1492). Over almost fifty years, he turned his hand to every genre of Persian poetry and penned numerous treatises on a wide range of topics in the humanities and religious sciences.

  • JĀMI i. Life and Works

    Paul Losensky

    though born in the hamlet of Ḵarjerd, Jāmi would take his penname from the nearby village of Jām (lying about midway between Mashad and Herat), where he spent his childhood.

  • JĀMI ii. And Sufism

    Hamid Algar

    among the several facets of Jāmi’s persona and career—Sufi, scholar, poet, associate of rulers—it may be permissible to award primacy to the first mentioned.

  • JĀMI iii. And Persian Art

    Chad Kia

    Jāmi’s writings are among the most frequently illustrated in the history of Persian manuscript painting.

  • JĀMI RUMI

    OSMAN G. ÖZGÜDENLI

    (or Jāmi Meṣri), AḤMAD, Ottoman official, poet, and translator (fl. 10th/16th century).

  • JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI

    Ali Rahnema

    (Society of Islamic Coalition), a religious-political organization founded in 1963 to propagate Ayatollah Khomeini’s vision of an Islamic-Iranian state and society and to mobilize the population to implement that vision. 

  • JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI i. Hayʾathā-ye Moʾtalefa-ye Eslāmi 1963-79

    Ali Rahnema

    The Islamic Coalition of Mourning Groups was born almost two years after the death of Ayatollah Ḥosayn Ṭabāṭabāʾi Borujerdi in 1961.

  • JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI ii. Jamʿiyat-e Moʾtalefa and the Islamic Revolution

    Ali Rahnema

    After the 1979 Revolution, the “Coalition of Islamic Mourning Groups” changed its expressive and meaningful name to the rather awkward appellation of Jamʿiyat-e moʾtalefa-ye eslāmi (the Society of Islamic Coalition).

  • JAMḴĀNA

    cross-reference

    See AḤL-E ḤAQQ.

  • JAMKARĀN

    Jean Calmard

    village near Qom, located 6 km south of it on the Qom-Kashan highway. It includes the mazraʿas of Gorgābi (Hādi-Mehdi) and Zangābād, the ruins of Gabri castle, and the Jamkarān or Ṣāḥeb-al-Zamān mosque.

  • JAMSHIDI TRIBE

    Christine Noelle-Karimi

    (Jamšidi) one of several semi-nomadic, Persian-speaking, Hanafite Sunni groups of northwestern Afghanistan known as aymāq.

  • JAMŠID

    Multiple Authors

    (or Jam), mythical king of Iran; Avestan Yima (Old Indic Yama), with the epithet xšaēta.

  • JAMŠID B. MASʿUD ḠIĀṮ-AL-DIN KĀŠI

    cross-reference

    See KĀŠI.

  • JAMŠID i. Myth of Jamšid

    PRODS OKTOR SKJÆRVØ

    In the Avesta, he ruled the world in a golden age; he saved living beings from a natural catastrophe by preserving specimens in his var- (fortress); he possessed the most Fortune among mortals, but lost it and his kingship as a consequence of lying.

  • JAMŠID ii. In Persian Literature

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    Sources all agree that he reigned for several hundred years, but they differ on the exact length of his rule.

  • JĀN MOḤAMMAD KHAN

    Bāqer ʿĀqeli

    , AMIR ʿALĀʾI (1886-1951), brigadier general and commander of Khorasan army during the early Reżā Shah period, noted for his ruthlessness but eventually undone due to a mutiny of unpaid  troops.

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