Table of Contents

  • JAIPUR

    Catherine B. Asher

    city in northwestern India, founded in 1727 by the Kachhwaha prince (raja) and Mughal officer Sawai Jai Singh Kachhwaha (1688-1743). He had a passionate interest in astronomy and, inspired by Ulugh Beg’s (1394-1449) astronomical observations and tables (zij), he wrote the Zij-e Moḥammad-Šāhi and built an observatory in Jaipur with enormous instruments for observing and calculating celestial phenomena

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  • JĀJARMI

    Anna Livia Beelaert

    , MOḤAMMAD B. BADR, 14th-century Persian poet and anthologist.

  • JĀJRUD

    Bernard Hourcade

    a major river of the southern slopes of the central Alborz in the Central Plateau (140 km. long, basin of 1,890 km²),  running from the mountains of Šami-rānāt at Rudbār-e Qaṣrān to the plain of Varāmin and eventually joins the salt lake of Qom (Daryāča-ye Qom), at about 89 km to the northwest of the city.

  • JĀKI

    P. Oberling

    a group of Lor tribes in the Kuhgiluya region of eastern Khuzesan. They comprise the tribal confederations of the Čahārboniča (or Čarboniča) and the Lirāvi.

  • JAKKADI

    Maria Sabaye Moghaddam

    a dance style performed by Persian women, as documented in Sanskrit treatises of the 16th and 17th centuries.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN ABU’L-QĀSEM TABRIZI

    Farhan Nizami

    (d. 1244-45), a prominent Sufi of the Sohravardiya Order. Started his education in Tabriz under Badr-al-Din Abu Saʿid Tabrizi.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN DAVĀNI

    cross-reference

    See DAVĀNI.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN ḤASAN III

    FARHAD DAFTARY

    (b. 1166-67; d. 1221), Nezāri Ismaʿili imam and the sixth lord of Alamut. He succeeded to the leadership of the Nezāridaʿwa (‘propaganda’ or ‘mission,’ see DĀʿI) and state on the death of his father, Nur-al-Din Moḥammad II b. Ḥasan II.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN ḴvĀRAZMŠĀH(I) MENGÜBIRNI

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    the last Ḵᵛārazmšāh of the line of Anuštigin Ḡarčaʾi, reigned in 1220-31 as the eldest son and successor of ʿAlāʾ-al-Din Moḥammad.

  • JALĀL-AL-DIN MIRZĀ

    Abbas Amanat and Farzin Vejdani

    Qajar historian and freethinker (1827-1872). Born at the court in Tehran, he was the fifty-fifth son of Fatḥ-ʿAli Shah (r. 1797-1834). Besides European influences, the intellectual sources of his freethinking are not entirely known. He associated with Mirzā Malkom Khan (1833-1908) and his secret society, the Farāmuš-ḵāna (‘house of oblivion’), which made strident efforts to recruit members.

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