Table of Contents

  • JAʿFAR AL-ṢĀDEQ iv. And Esoteric sciences

    Daniel De Smet

    a major figure in Shiʿite esotericism, is purported to be the founder of occult science in Islam. According to Imami-Shiʿite tradition, his knowledge concerned “the exoteric (al-ẓāher), the esoteric (al-bāṭen), and the esoteric of the esoteric (bāṭen al-bāṭen).” 

  • JAʿFAR AL-ṢĀDEQ v. And herbal medicine

    Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

    work on medicine (Ṭebb al-Emām al-Ṣādeq) belongs to a genre of traditional herbal medicine attributed to the Shiʿite imams and known as the Medicine of the imams (ṭebb al-aʾemma), whose salient figure is Imam Jaʿfar al-Ṣādeq.

  • JAʿFAR B. MANṢUR-AL-YAMAN

    Hamid Haji

    a high-ranking Ismaʿili author who flourished in the 10th century, during the reigns of the first four Fatimid caliphs.

  • JAʿFAR B. MOḤAMMAD B. ḤARB

    Joseph van Ess

    , ABU’L-FAŻL AL-HAMDĀNI (d. 850), also called al-Ašajj ("scar-face" or "skull-broken"), Muʿtazilite theologian who lived in Baghdad.

  • JAʿFAR B. YAḤYĀ BARMAKI

    cross-reference

    See BARMAKIDS.

  • JAʿFAR ḴĀN AZ FARANG ĀMADA

    MARYAM SHARIATI

    acclaimed satirical drama in one act by ʿAli Nowruz, a pen name of the playwright Ḥasan Moqaddam (1895-1925).

  • JAʿFAR KHAN BAḴTIĀRI

    cross-reference

    See BAḴTIĀRI (1).

  • JAʿFARI, ŠAʿBĀN

    H. E. Chehabi

    (1921-2006), a luṭi of the jāhel variety, athlete, and rightwing political agent from the early 1940s to the early 1950s, who later headed Persia’s traditional sports establishment (zur-ḵāna).

  • JAʿFARQOLI KHAN BAḴTIĀRI

    cross-reference

    See BAḴTIĀRI (1).

  • JAFR

    Gernot Windfuhr

    a term of uncertain etymology used to designate the major divinatory art in Islamic mysticism and gnosis—the art  of discovering the predestined fate of nations, dynasties, religions, and individuals by a variety of methods.

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