Table of Contents

  • JEZYA

    Vera B. Moreen

    the poll or capitation tax levied on members of non-Muslim monotheistic faith communities (Jews, Christians, and, eventually, Zoroastrians), who fell under the protection (ḏemma) of Muslim Arab conquerors.

  • JIHAD

    cross-reference

    "holy war." See ISLAM IN IRAN xi. Jihad in Islam.

  • JIHOṆIKA

    O. Bopearachchi

    a ruler in northwestern India known to us from his coins and an inscription (1st cent. CE).

  • JIROFT

    Multiple Authors

    sub-province (šahrestān), town, and dam in Kerman Province. i. Geography. ii. Human geography and environment. iii. General survey of excavations. iv. Iconography of chlorite artifacts.

  • JIROFT i. Geography of Jiroft Sub-Province

    M. Badanj and EIr.

    Located in the south of Kerman Province, the sub-province of Jiroft is bound by those of Kermān (north), Bam (east), ʿAnbarābād and Kahnuj (south), and Bāft (west).

  • JIROFT ii. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

    Eric Fouache

    Jiroft is the regional capital of the middle section of the Halil Rud valley, southern Kerman Province. The valley, oriented northwest to southeast, 400 km long, takes its source in the Zagros mountain range north of Jiroft and ends in the endorheic Jaz-murian basin.

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  • JIROFT iii. GENERAL SURVEY OF EXCAVATIONS

    Oscar White Muscarella

    All the artifacts known to date that are accorded the Jiroft label have not been excavated; they have in fact been plundered.

  • JIROFT iv. ICONOGRAPHY OF CHLORITE ARTIFACTS

    Jean Perrot

    In the region of Jiroft, a large number of stone (chlorite) vases and objects, carrying human and animal motifs inlaid with semi-precious stones, have recently been discovered. Technical variations, notably in the inlaying method of colored stones, point to the existence of several workshops. Considering style, the aesthetic ratio of the whole is comparatively high.

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  • JĪVAKAPUSTAKA

    Mauro Maggi

    a medical text in Sanskrit and Khotanese belonging to the Indian Ayurvedic tradition.

  • JIWĀM

    Firoze M. Kotwal and Jamsheed K. Choksy

    “(consecrated) milk,” the designation for one of the organic items—now a mixture of milk and consecrated water—used in the  high or inner liturgical rituals of the Zoroastrians.