Table of Contents

  • IRĀN newspapers

    Nassereddin Parvin

    title of five newspapers, of which four were published in Persia and one in Baghdad, Iraq.

  • IRAN, JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH INSTITUTE OF PERSIAN STUDIES

    C. Edmund Bosworth and Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis

    The British Institute of Persian Studies (BIPS) was inaugurated in December 1961 in the wake of Queen Elizabeth II’s official visit to Iran in March of that year.

  • IRAN-CONTRA AFFAIRS

    Malcolm Byrne

    the linkage in the mid-1980s of two separate and distinct U.S. covert operations in Iran and Central America.

  • IRĀN-E JAVĀN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    weekly paper published in Tehran from 5 Esfand 1305 to 28 Bahman 1306 Š. (25 February 1926-17 February 1927) as the organ of an association with the same name (Anjomān-e Irān-e javān).

  • IRĀN-E JAVĀN, ANJOMAN-E

    Jamšid Behnām

    (The society of young Iran), a society founded in January 1921 by a number of young intellectuals who had received their higher education in Europe.

  • IRAN-E KABIR

    Nassereddin Parvin

    periodical published in the city of Rašt by the political activist Grigor Yaqikiān, 1929-30.

  • IRĀN-E MĀ

    Nassereddin Parvin

    a political newspaper published in Tehran, 1943-60, with long interruptions. It was an influential liberal paper with nationalistic orientations.

  • IRĀN-E NOW

    Nassereddin Parvin

    title of two political newspapers published in Tehran during the second and third decades of the 20th century.

  • IRAN-IRAQ WAR

    cross-reference

    See IRAQ vii. IRAN-IRAQ WAR.

  • IRAN-NAMEH

    Vahe Boyajian

    journal of Oriental studies, founded in Yerevan, Armenia, in May 1993 as a scholarly monthly publication in the Armenian language.

  • IRĀN/LA REVUE IRAN

    Nassereddin Parvin

    the first philatelic magazine ever published in Persia; it was published from Mehr 1302 to Bahman 1311 Š. (September 1923-February 1933) as the organ of Kolub-e bayn-al-melali-e Irān, a society founded by Naṣr-Allāh Falsafi (q.

  • IRANI, DINSHAH JIJIBHOY

    Afshin Marashi

    (1881-1938), a prominent member of the Zoroastrian community of Bombay.  He was trained and worked as a professional lawyer, but at the same time he was also active as a philanthropist and scholar of Zoroastrianism and Persian literature.

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  • IRANI, HUSHANG

    Sayeh Eghtesadinia

    (1925-1973), radical modernist poet and pioneer of modern mystical poetry in Iran, whose early poems are categorized among the first examples of concrete or visual poetry in Persian poetry.

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  • IRANIAN IDENTITY

    Multiple Authors

    collective feeling by Iranian peoples of belonging to the historic lands of Iran. This sense of identity, defined both historically and territorially, evolved from a common historical experience and cultural tradition.

  • IRANIAN IDENTITY i. PERSPECTIVES

    Ahmad Ashraf

    Perspectives on Iranian identity have been influenced by competing views on the origins of nations.

  • IRANIAN IDENTITY ii. PRE-ISLAMIC PERIOD

    Gherardo Gnoli

    The idea of Iran as a religious, cultural, and ethnic reality goes back as far as the end of the 6th century BCE.

  • IRANIAN IDENTITY iii. MEDIEVAL ISLAMIC PERIOD

    Ahmad Ashraf

    While Syria and Egypt lost their languages under the hegemony of Arabic, Iran survived as the main cultural area in the emerging Islamic empire that maintained its distinct linguistic and cultural identity.

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  • IRANIAN IDENTITY iv. 19TH-20TH CENTURIES

    Ahmad Ashraf

    Comparative historians of nationalism acknowledge that Iran was among the few nations that experienced the era of nationalism with a deep historical root and experience of recurrent construction of its own pre-modern identity.

  • IRANIAN IDENTITY v. POST-REVOLUTIONARY ERA

    Cross-Reference

    Iranian identity during the post-revolutionary era will be discussed in a future online entry.

  • IRANIAN STUDIES

    Cross-Reference

    See under the names of individual countries and universities.