Table of Contents

  • HYDROLOGY

    Multiple Authors

    i. Iranian plateau. ĀB. ii. Southwestern Persia. iii. Afghanistan. From a hydrological perspective, southwestern Persia must be considered as part of the Persian Gulf drainage region. Extending over an area of more than 350,000 km², its main drainage area covers the central and southwestern Zagros mountain areas with their extremely complex geomorphology.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HYENA

    Steven C. Anderson

    Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus, 1758), Pers. kaftār. The striped hyena is the only current Asian representative of the mammalian family Hyaenidae. Principal threats to hyena populations today are vehicular traffic (since they scavenge road kills at night), wanton shooting, and secondary poisoning. The hyena is a protected species in Iran.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HYGIENE

    Cross-Reference

    See HEALTH IN PERSIA.

  • HYMN OF THE PEARL

    J. R. Russell

    or Hymn of the Soul, a Syriac poem, of which an early Greek translation also exists, composed probably in the third century CE in the region of Edessa.

  • HYPERBOLE

    N. Chalisova

    a figure (or figures) of speech in the classical Persian system of ʿelm al-badiʿ.

  • HYRCANIA

    cross-reference

    See GORGĀN ii.

  • HYSTASPES

    Cross Reference

    father of Darius I. See GOŠTĀSP.

  • HYSTASPES, ORACLES OF

    Werner Sundermann

    (Gk. Khrēseis Hystaspou), a collection of prophecies ascribed to Vištāspa, the patron and follower of Zarathustra.

  • Hāji Firuzi

    music sample

  • Ḥanā bandān in Kermān

    music sample