Table of Contents

  • ḤASAN B. ʿALI B. ABI ṬĀLEB

    Wilferd Madelung

    eldest surviving grandson of the Prophet Moḥammad through his daughter Fāṭema, and second Imam of the Šiʿa after his father ʿAli.

  • ḤASAN B. MOHAMMAD NIŠĀBURI

    cross-reference

    See NIŠĀBURI, ḤASAN B. MOḤAMMAD.

  • ḤASAN B. MUSĀ NOWBAḴTI

    cross-reference

    See NOWBAḴTI, ḤASAN B. MUSĀ.

  • ḤASAN B. NUḤ B. YUSOF

    Ismail K. Poonawala

    a Mostaʿli Ṭayyebi Ismaʿili savant and the author of Ketāb al-azhār, a chrestomathy of Ismaʿili literature (d. 1533).

  • ḤASAN B.TIMURTAŠ B. ČUBĀN KUČAK

    Cross-Reference

    See CHOBANIDS.

  • ḤASAN BAṢRI

    Christopher Melchert

    , ABU SAʿID B. ABI’L-ḤASAN YASĀR, an important early Muslim preacher, theologian, jurist, Koran-reciter, and ascetic (642-728).

  • ḤASAN BEG RUMLU

    Sh. Quinn

    (b. 1530-31), author of Aḥsan al-tawāriḵ and a cavalryman (qurči) of the Rumlu Turkman tribe of qezelbāš during the reign of Shah Ṭahmāsb Ṣafawi.

  • ḤASAN BOZORG B. ḤOSAYN

    cross-reference

    See JALAYERIDS.

  • ḤASAN GĀNGU

    M. Shokoohy

    , ʿALĀ ʿ-AL-DIN ḤASAN BAHMANŠĀH (r. 1347-57), a Khorasani adventurer at the court of Delhi.

  • ḤASAN KHAN QĀJĀR SĀRI AṢLĀN

    cross-reference

    See SĀRI ASÂLĀN.

  • ḤASAN ṢABBĀḤ

    Farhad Daftary

    prominent Ismaʿili dāʿi  and founder of the medieval Nezāri Ismaʿili state (b. 1050s, d. 1124).

  • ḤASAN ŠIRĀZI

    Hamid Algar

    , MIRZĀ MOḤAMMAD, often referred to as Mirzā-ye Širāzi, leading Shiʿite cleric chiefly renowned for the role he played in the celebrated Tobacco Boycott of 1892 (1814-1895).

  • ḤASAN-ʿALI BEG BESṬĀMI

    Ernst Tucker

    one of Nāder Shah’s closest associates, who held the title moʿayyer al-mamālek or “chief assayer” and played an important advisory role throughout Nāder’s reign.

  • ḤASAN-ʿALI MIRZĀ ŠOJĀʿ-AL-ṢALṬANA

    cross-reference

    See ŠOJĀʿ-AL-ṢALṬANA, ḤASAN-ʿALI MIRZĀ.

  • ḤASAN-E ḠAZNAVI

    Julie Scott Meisami

    , SAYYED EMĀM AŠRAF ḤASAN B. MOḤAMMAD ḤOSAYNI, poet chiefly associated with the court of the Ghaznavid ruler Bahrāmšāh (d. ca. 1161).

  • ḤASANI, ABU’L-ʿABBĀS AḤMAD B. EBRĀHIM

    Wilferd Madelung

    Zaydi scholar from Āmol in Ṭabarestān, who flourished in the first half of the 3rd/9th century and taught three Caspian Zaydi imams.

  • ḤASANLU TEPPE

    Robert H. Dyson, Jr

    archeological site in West Azerbaijan Province in northwest Persia, a short distance southwest of Lake Urmia (former Reżāʾiya). OVERVIEW of the entry: i. The site. ii. The golden bowl.

  • ḤASANLU TEPPE i. THE SITE

    Robert H. Dyson, Jr

    The Qadar River rises to the west in the Zagros on the Assyrian frontier near the ancient Urartian city of Musasir. Its eastern end drains into marshes north of the modern town of Mahābād, which lies northwest of the ancient country of Mannai.

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  • ḤASANLU TEPPE ii. THE GOLDEN BOWL

    Robert H. Dyson, Jr

    The “gold bowl of Ḥasanlu” was found in the debris of Burned Building I West on the Citadel Mound at Ḥasanlu in 1958. It had fallen into room 9 in the southeastern corner of the building.

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  • ḤASANVAND

    Pierre Oberling

    a Lor tribe of the Piškuh region in Lorestān. In the 1870s it numbered some 2,500 families distributed among 16 tiras.

  • ḤĀŠEM, RAḤIM

    Habib Borjian

    (1908,-1993), Tajik essayist, literary critic, and translator, who is considered to have been one of the founders of modern Tajik literature.

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  • HĀŠEMIDS

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀL-E HĀŠEM.

  • HASHISH

    Cross-Reference

    See BANG.

  • ḤASIBI, KĀẒEM

    Bagher Agheli and EIr

    (1906-1990), political figure and university professor. When the oil industry was nationalized in 1951, Ḥasibi, as Deputy Minister of Finance, became a member of the delegation charged with the eviction of the former oil company. He accompanied Dr. Moṣaddeq to the U.N. Security Council and also, as oil adviser, defended Persia at the Hague International Tribunal against the British complaint.

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  • HAŠT BEHEŠT (1)

    cross-reference

    See ISFAHAN x. MONUMENTS.

  • HAŠT BEHEŠT (2)

    Michele Bernardini

    (lit: “the Eight Heavens, the Eight paradises”), a cosmological concept used on several occasions as the title of literary works, or as the name of a particular architectural form in Persian, Turkish, and Indian contexts.

  • HAŠTPAR

    Marcel Bazin

    city in the western part of Gilān Province, center of the šahrestān (sub-provincial district) of Ṭāleš (or Tāleš).

  • HAŠTPĀY

    Antonio Panaino

    name of a game from the Sasanian era which has not been precisely identified.

  • HAŠTRUD

    Z. Sadrolashrafi

    a sub-province (šahrestān) in the south of Azerbaijan, situated between lat 36°45’ and 37°24’ N,  long 46°25’ and 47°24’ E, some 134 km from Tabriz and 101 km from Miāna Sub-province.

  • HAŠTRUDI, MOḤSEN

    A. Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh and Fariborz Majidi

    Once back in Tehran, Mohsen Hastrudi was appointed assistant professor at the Faculty of Science of the Dānešsarā-ye ʿāli and became full professor in 1941. He was also appointed the Director of Tehran’s Department of Education, President of the University of Tabriz (1951), and the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Tehran (1957).

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  • ḤĀTAMI, ʿALI

    Jamsheed Akrami

    (b. Tehran, 1944; d. Tehran, 1996), Iranian scriptwriter and film director. For all his interest in dealing with the characters and incidents shaping the political and social history of the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, Ḥātami’s films are not particularly concerned with faithful representation and historical accuracy. He preferred a more creative interpretation.

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  • HATAMTU

    Cross-Reference

    See ELAM.

  • HĀTEF, SAYYED AḤMAD EṢFAHĀNI

    Ḏabiḥ-Allāh Ṣafā and EIr

    (d. 1783), an influential poet of the 18th century.

  • HĀTEFI, ʿABD-ALLĀH

    Michele Bernardini

    (d. Ḵargerd, 1521) Persian poet and nephew of ʿAbd-al-Rahmān Jāmi.

  • ḤĀTEM ṬĀʾI

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    the epitome of generosity and munificence in Arabic and Persian anecdotal traditions.

  • ḤĀTEM-NĀMA

    Pegah Shahbaz

    a popular prose romance by an unknown author, consisting of the imaginary adventures of Ḥātem Ṭāʾi, the pre-Islamic Arab noble, renowned for his boundless generosity and graceful hospitality.

  • HATRA

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    (Ḥaṭrā; Ar. Ḥażr), a strongly fortified city in Upper Mesopotamia (today northern Iraq), situated at lat 35°40′ N, long 42°45′ E in the midst of the desert steppe of the northern Jazīra.

  • HAUG, MARTIN

    Almut Hintze

    (1827-1876) Oriental scholar and one of the founders of Iranian studies. His contributions to Old and Middle Iranian studies remained influential well into the twentieth century.

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  • HAUMAVARGĀ

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    a term distinguishing one of the three groups of Sakā tribes, Sakā haumavargā, in some of the lists of the peoples in the Achaemenid royal inscriptions.

  • HAURVATĀT

    cross-reference

    See HORDĀD; AMƎŠA SPƎNTA.

  • ḤĀWI, AL-

    Lutz Richter-Bernburg

    (i.e., al-Ketāb al-ḥāwi fi’l-ṭebb “Comprehensive book on medicine”), the title of a major Arabic work on medicine in twenty-five volumes by Abu Bakr Moḥammad.

  • HAWK

    Cross-Reference

    See BĀZ.

  • HAWRAMAN

    cross-reference

    See AVROMAN.

  • ḤAWZA-YE ʿELMIYA

    Cross-Reference

    See IRAQ xi. SHIʿITE SEMINARIES IN IRAQ.

  • HAXAMĀNIŠ

    cross-reference

    See ACHAEMENES.

  • ḤAYĀT-DĀWUDI

    Pierre Oberling

    a sedentary Lor tribe dwelling in the dehestān of Ḥayāt-dāwūd, stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Māhur-e Mīlāti mountains, northwest of Bušehr.

  • HAYĀṬELA

    cross-reference

    See HEPHTHALITES.

  • HAYʾATHĀ-YE MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI

    Cross-Reference

    See JAMʿIYATHĀ-YE MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI.

  • ḤAYĀTI, ABDÜLHAY

    Tahsin Yazici

    or ʿAbd-al-Ḥayy, 15th century poet who wrote a series of Turkish poems modeled on Neẓāmi’s Ḵamsa.

  • ḤAYDAR ʿALI EṢFAHĀNI, Ḥājji Mirzā

    Moojan Momen

    (b. Isfahan, ca. 1830; d. Haifa, 1920), Bahāʾi polemicist.