Table of Contents
W. W. Malandra
name given to a section of the Avestan Yasna, namely, Y. 9-11.11. It is central to the ritual and is recited prior to the priestly consumption of the parahaoma (Pahl. parāhōm).
William L. Hanaway and Leonard Lewisohn
13th-century Persian poet, best known for his ḡazals, which follow those of Saʿdi in style and tone.
A. Shapur Shahbazi
son of Vēsa, in Iranian traditional history one of the most celebrated heroes of Turān.
according to Iranian traditional history, a Kayānid queen; she was daughter, wife, and successor to the throne of Bahman, son of Esfandiār.
See ḴᵛĀJU KERMĀNI.
(lit. “auspicious”), an important modal system (dastgāh) in traditional Persian music.
Wheeler M. Thackston
, NĀṢER-AL-DIN MOḤAMMAD, (1508–56), second Mughal emperor in Kabul (1530–56) and northern India (1530–40 and 1555–56). succesor to Bābor.
French engineer, geographer, traveler (1812-1848). He carried out pioneering scientific research in the Ottoman empire, southern Russia, and Persia
OVERVIEW of the entry: i. In Zoroastrianism. ii. In Islamic law. iii. In Persian literature. iv. In modern Persia. See Supplement.
Prods Oktor Skjærvø
Zoroastrian literature contains discussions of personal relations only in legal contexts and is quite explicit with regard to sins of a sexual nature.