Table of Contents

  • ḤOJJAT

    Maria Dakake

    (“proof or argument”), a term used as: (1) a line of argument in debate; (2) designation of the Shiʿite Imams;  (3) an epithet of the Twelfth Imam; (4) a high official in the Ismaʿili missionary activities

  • ḤOJJAT-AL-ESLĀM

    Hamid Algar

    (lit. Proof of Islam), a title awarded to Shiʿite scholars, originally as an honorific but later as a means of indicating their status in the hierarchy of the learned.

  • ḤOJJATIYA

    Mahmoud Sadri

    a Shiʿite religious lay association founded in 1953 by the charismatic cleric Shaikh Maḥmud Ḥalabi to defend Islam against the Bahai missionary activities.

  • HOJVIRI, ABU’L-ḤASAN ʿALI

    Gerhard Böwering

    B. ʿOṮMĀN B. ʿALI AL-ḠAZNAVI AL-JOLLĀBI (d. ca. 1071-72), author of the Kašf al-maḥjub, the most celebrated early Persian Sufi treatise.

  • HOLDICH, THOMAS HUNGERFORD

    Denis Wright

    As head of the Baluchistan Survey Party from 1883, Holdich organized surveys of south Baluchistan and Makran as far as Jask and Bandar ʿAbbās. In 1884 he headed the Russo-Afghan Boundary Commission’s survey party; in 1896 he was the chief British Commissioner on the Perso-Baluch Boundary Commission.

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  • ḤOLWI, JAMĀL-AL-DIN MAḤMUD

    Tahsin Yazi

    biographer of the leaders of the Ḵalwati Sufi order and minor poet (1574-1654).

  • HŌM

    cross-reference

    See HAOMA.

  • HŌM YAŠT

    W. W. Malandra

    name given to a section of the Avestan Yasna, namely, Y. 9-11.11. It is central to the ritual and is recited prior to the priestly consumption of the parahaoma (Pahl. parāhōm).

  • HOMĀM-AL-DIN

    William L. Hanaway and Leonard Lewisohn

    13th-century Persian poet, best known for his ḡazals, which follow those of Saʿdi in style and tone.

  • HŌMĀN

    A. Shapur Shahbazi

    son of Vēsa, in Iranian traditional history one of the most celebrated heroes of Turān.