Table of Contents


    Dietrich Huff

    soft mineral produced from natural gypsum rock by firing in kilns or piles and subsequent pulverization by pounding and grinding.


    Jean-Pierre Digard, Gernot L. Windfuhr

    generally referred to by the term kowli in Persian, seemingly a distortion of kāboli, that is, coming from Kabol, the capital of Afghanistan. It is not at all certain, however, that all the groups referred to as kowli are authentic gypsies; nor that only the groups referred to as kowli should be considered as gypsies.

  • GYPSY i. Gypsies of Persia

    Jean-Pierre Digard

    Almost everywhere in Persia there are groups with characteristics similar to those of the Gypsies, but they are called by different names, sometimes designating their geographic or ethnic origin, sometimes their social status, and sometimes their profession.

  • GYPSY ii. Gypsy Dialects

    Gernot L. Windfuhr

    The languages and dialects popularly called “Gypsy” (< Egipcien < qebṭi “Coptic, Egyptian”) constitute three major groups: Asiatic or Middle Eastern Domari, Armenian Lomavren, and European Romani.

  • Gurughli

    music sample



    list of all the figure and plate images in the letter G entries.