Table of Contents

  • GUŠYĀR GILĀNI, ABU’L-ḤASAN B. LABBĀN

    David Pingree

    Arabicized Kušyār; an astronomer and mathematician from Gilān, whence his nesba Jili/Gilāni (fl. late 10th-early 11th cent.).

  • GUTIANS

    Marc Van De Mieroop

    name used in ancient Mesopotamian texts to refer to a variety of people, mostly from the Zagros mountain area.

  • GUTSCHMID, HERMANN ALFRED FREIHERR VON

    Ronald E. Emmerick

    (b. Loschwitz near Dresden, 1831; d. Tübingen, 1887), classical scholar and ancient historian with a special interest in the Ancient Near East.

  • GÜYÜK KHAN

    Peter Jackson

    (r. 1246-48), Mongol great khan (qaḡan), given posthumously the regnal title Ting-tsung.

  • GUZAŠTAG ABĀLIŠ

    Cross-Reference

    See ABĀLIŠ.

  • GUZGĀN

    Cross-Reference

    a district of what was in early Islamic times eastern Khorasan, now roughly corresponding to the northwest of modern Afghanistan, adjacent to the frontier with the southeastern fringe of the Turkmenistan Republic. See JOWZJĀN.

  • GWĀTI

    Cross-Reference

    See BALUCHISTAN.

  • GYMNASTICS IN PERSIA

    Cross-Reference

    See Supplement.

  • GYPSUM

    Dietrich Huff

    soft mineral produced from natural gypsum rock by firing in kilns or piles and subsequent pulverization by pounding and grinding.

  • GYPSY

    Jean-Pierre Digard, Gernot L. Windfuhr

    generally referred to by the term kowli in Persian, seemingly a distortion of kāboli, that is, coming from Kabol, the capital of Afghanistan. It is not at all certain, however, that all the groups referred to as kowli are authentic gypsies; nor that only the groups referred to as kowli should be considered as gypsies.