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The number of loanwords borrowed from Greek into the pre-Islamic Iranian languages is far less impressive than the number of borrowings in the other direction.
Lutz Richter Bernburg and EIr
In the Islamic period, Persian learned literature was largely modelled upon Arabic antecedents and that these, whether translations from Greek or Arabic originals, strove to minimize foreign and unfamiliar-sounding vocabulary.
It is well attested that the ancient Greek city-states (poleis) and the Persian Empire had continuous commercial contact which influenced the ordinary life of both parties.
The arrival of Greek ideas and sciences in Iran have been traced through translated texts. However, there are allusions and references that we can glean from Pahlavi literature, and on occasion in longer passages where the closely related medical and philosophical theories of the ancient East indicate their origins in Greek or Indian civilization. Some of these references go back as far as the Achaemenid period too.
After graduating from Moscow University with a degree in literature and law, Griboedov first joined the military and then the diplomatic service. Griboedov joined the Russian administration in Transcaucasia in early 1819 and was sent by the Chief Administrator, General Ermolov, to Persia to establish the Russian Mission in Tehran.This Article Has Images/Tables.
(Mārcos [better known as Marco] Grigoriān, b. Kropotkin, Russia, 5 December 1925; d. Yerevan, 27 August 2007), Iranian-Armenian artist, actor, teacher, gallery owner, and collector who played a pioneering role in the development of Iranian modern art.This Article Has Images/Tables.
a Middle Iranian word meaning “neck, throat” and “self, soul.”
(b. Hannoversch-Münden, 1775; d. Hannover, 1853), German philologist and scholar of oriental studies.
(b. Aubais, Gard, France, 1885; d. Paris, 1952), French historian who based his wide-ranging research on the studies of the leading French orientalists of his time, and wrote works of synthesis on various aspects of Oriental history and culture.This Article Has Images/Tables.